RNA interference

Epigenetically-effected nucleosome repositioning sheds Dobzhansky’s light on evolution

Crystal structure of the overlapping dinucleosome composed of hexasome and octasome My summary: Nucleosomes are dynamic entities that are repositioned by energy-dependent links from sunlight to ATP and RNA biosynthesis that act on DNA during the chromatin remodeling, which is biophysically constrained by the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction during the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of all morphological and behavioral phentoypes. processes. Reported as: Unveiling how nucleosome repositioning occurs to shed light on genetic diseases …an incomplete formation of overlapping dinucleosome may…

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Virus-driven dietary pathology (2)

See: Virus-driven dietary pathology (1) Virus-mediated archaeal hecatomb in the deep seafloor We show here for the first time the crucial role of viruses in controlling archaeal dynamics and therefore the functioning of deep-sea ecosystems, and suggest that virus-archaea interactions play a central role in global biogeochemical cycles. Bacteria that cannot find enough food become archaea due to virus-driven energy theft. That fact was placed into the context of “..a possible link between viral infections and chemoautotrophic production in the…

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Virus-driven dietary pathology (1)

Viral Trigger for Celiac Disease? A common, seemingly benign human virus can trigger an immune response that leads to celiac disease in a mouse model, researchers show. Reovirus infection triggers inflammatory responses to dietary antigens and development of celiac disease Editor’s summary: Viruses compound dietary pathology Reoviruses commonly infect humans and mice asymptomatically. Bouziat et al. found that immune responses to two gut-infecting reoviruses take different paths in mice (see the Perspective by Verdu and Caminero). Both reoviruses invoked protective immune…

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Functionally interdependent editing and methylation

Editing and methylation at a single site by functionally interdependent activities …cytosine 32 in the anticodon loop of Trypanosoma brucei tRNAThr is methylated to 3-methylcytosine (m3C) as a pre-requisite for C-to-U deamination. Formation of m3C in vitro requires the presence of both the T. brucei m3C methyltransferase TRM140 and the deaminase ADAT2/3. Once formed, m3C is deaminated to 3-methyluridine (m3U) by the same set of enzymes. ADAT2/3 is a highly mutagenic enzyme4, but we also show that when co-expressed with…

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Cytosis: Biology Content

  Help Me Write Some Biology Content Project Update #5: Cytosis: A Cell Biology Board Game by John Coveyou (Genius Games) Many of you have mentioned that you’d like to have an explanation of the biology behind Cytosis available… and I think that is an AWESOME plan. Every time I’ve taught the game to non-science players in the past, they say gameplay made even more sense (and was so much more enjoyable) when I explained the science as well. This…

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Light-activated feedback loops vs self-organization of ecosystems

John Lieff has been trying to update his ridiculous misrepresentations of biologically-based cause and effect to match the accurate representations we made in a section on molecular epigenetics in our 1996 Hormones and Behavior review. From Fertilization to Adult Sexual Behavior Nothing can stop him, but this will provide the next source for material that he must borrow as if he learned about it somewhere else. Apoptosis analysis guide | Free ebook download Virus-driven energy theft causes apoptosis, which releases…

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Cytosis: A Cell Biology Board Game

Cytosis: A Cell Biology Board Game A board game taking place inside a human cell! Players compete to build enzymes, hormones and receptors and fend off attacking Viruses! 3/27/17 My comment: On March 24, 2017 this article was published in ‘Science.’ A conserved NAD+ binding pocket that regulates protein-protein interactions during aging The article linked virus-driven energy theft from hydrogen-atom transfer in DNA base pairs in solution to all pathology. On March 24, 2017 this article also was published in…

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Who will kill the billion dollar baby? Bill Gates or Donald Trump

Bill Gates is set to meet with the President on Monday. [March 20, 2017] Both men know that virus-driven energy theft is the biggest threat humanity has ever faced. The threat arose in the context of wasted US government funding and wasted funding from philanthropists who supported the CRISPR gene-editing technology. For comparison, The Penrose Institute appears to be prepared to establish itself as a refuge for serious scientists who have been cast out of academia for their failure to…

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Thinking about energy is not radical re-thinking

The brain: a radical rethink is needed to understand it …Optogenetics, a technique that uses genetic modification of neurons so that their electrical activity can be controlled with light pulses – can help us to explore their specific contribution to brain function. Optogenetics links the speed of light on contact with water to what is known about all energy-dependent cell type differentiation in all individuals of all living genera. Serious scientists, for example, have linked angstroms to ecosystems in all living…

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Food for thought: Penrose v Ellis (1)

Food for thought.   The most popular ideas of atheists may still include hypothetical biogenic features that arrived from outer space. That’s how pseudoscientific nonsense appears to become a fact of life on Earth.   All experimental evidence of energy-dependent biologically-based cause and effect must be suppressed or ignored, and that’s what atheists prefer to do. See for instance: Hypothetical biogenic features in the context of the Alan Hills fossil. (Thanks to John Hewitt for reminding me of this.) On…

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  • What Darwin proved: there’s no such thing as a species
    GENETICS As Animals Mingle, a Baffling Genetic Barrier A short stretch of DNA is challenging what it means to be a species. By: Emily Singer August 5, 2014 Excerpt: “Scientists have dubbed such regions of the genome “islands of speciation.” The persistence of such islands is a phenomenon that has been observed in a variety of […]
  • Randomness and Divine Providence
    A Q&A on randomness and God’s providence …the main goal is to really put together a collection of scholarly studies of these issues: physicists, biologists, mathematicians, statisticians, philosophers and theologians. replaced: Randomness and Divine Providence Supported by the John Templeton...Read more