Summary: The same set of microRNAs controls expression of the genes for rate-limiting enzymes, which control differences in the hormone production of different hormones in insects and crustaceans. That fact led to this claim in: The secret to safe DNA repair.

…if you don’t have this enzyme, then this error-free repair is stopped. You can’t do it. If you can’t do the error-free repair, among other things that happen is that you expect these cells to be cancer prone.

The Secret to Long Life? It May Lurk in the DNA of the Oldest Among Us

If unusual patterns in their three billion pairs of A’s, C’s, G’s and T’s — the nucleobases that make up all genomes — can be shown to have prolonged their lives and protected their health, the logic goes, it is conceivable that a drug or gene therapy could be devised to replicate the effects in the rest of us.

The unusual patterns exist only in the context of error-free RNA-directed DNA repair. DNA repair is linked from the energy-dependent creation of one enzyme and the metabolism of food to species-specific pheromones.

The secret to safe DNA repair.

…if you don’t have this enzyme, then this error-free repair is stopped. You can’t do it. If you can’t do the error-free repair, among other things that happen is that you expect these cells to be cancer prone.

The pheromones control the physiology of reproduction. In the mouse model, pheromones have repeatedly been linked to epigenetic effects on gene regulation.

See: [Pheromonal regulation of genetic processes: research on the house mouse (Mus musculus L.)] 1994

A study of the influence of pheromone stressor(s) on proliferating germ and somatic cells was performed on laboratory lines of house mouse in the context of the physiological hypothesis of mutation process, proposed by M.E. Lobashev in 1947. Data from experiments are presented, and results obtained during last 10-15 years are discussed. The adaptive role of cytogenetic and other observed pheromonal effects is considered. The possible existence of interorganism systems of genetic regulation is discussed, the search for and study of which may help in more complete understanding of the regularities of functioning of genetic material.

 

The virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA has since been linked to all pathology. Food odors and pheromones biophysically constrain the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of viral latency via the creation of amino acid substitutions that differentiate all the cell types of all individuals of all individuals of all species.

When all serious scientists fully disclose what is known about the biophysically constrained energy-dependent links from 1) base editing and 2) microRNA editing to 3) RNA editing and RNA-mediated DNA repair, pseudoscientists will be put out of the business of drug development. Medical practice will be based on what is known about Precision Medicine, which specifically links the food energy-dependent creation of enzymes to healthy longevity and to the metabolism of the drugs that often do more harm than good.

1)

Base Editing Now Able to Convert Adenine-Thymine to Guanine-Cytosine

“Nature conveniently provides us with cytosine deaminase enzymes that operate on DNA,” Liu tells The Scientist.

The creation of quantized energy in sunlight links energy as information from electrons to ecosystems via the physiology of reproduction in all living genera. The claim that “Nature” provides us with cytosine deaminase enzymes makes it seem that the enzymes emerged and automagically evolved to become purposeful and meaningful in the context of ridiculous theories about mutation-driven evolution.

2)

Conserved microRNA editing in mammalian evolution, development and disease

MicroRNA (miRNA) editing is a site-specific conserved mechanism that links ecological variation to energy-dependent ecological adaptations via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction, which increases the functional diversity of mammalian miRNA transcriptomes. These authors place microRNA editing into the context of an “evolutionarily stable feature” without explaining how the energy-dependent stability was linked to biophysically constrained viral latency.

3)

RNA Editing Possible with CRISPR-Cas13

Serious scientists moved forward by calling pre-mRNAs “microRNAs.” They linked energy-dependent alternative splicings to all biodiversity via fixation of amino acid substitutions in the context of the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction. Now, Zhang and others make the claim that’s akin to saying they rediscovered the innate immune system, which biophysically constrains viral latency.

The so-called secret to the three-step recognition of the pattern linked to longevity may be as simple as this: Learn how anything you eat or drink may be beneficial and do not take drugs that will kill you by stealing the quantized energy as information that McEwen et al. (1964) linked the light-activated creation of ATP to the food energy-dependent creation of RNA.

Dependence of RNA synthesis in isolated thymus nuclei on glycolysis, oxidative carbohydrate catabolism and a type of “oxidative phosphorylation”

Isolated thymus nuclei transport amino acids into an intranuclear pool by a process which seems to depend on energy from nuclear ATP synthesis (20).

See also: Dobzhansky (1964): Biology, molecular and organismic

Ingram and others found that hemoglobin S differs from A in the substitution of just a single amino acid, valine in place of glutamic acid in the beta chain of the hemoglobin molecule.

See also: Dobzhansky (1973) Nothing in Biology Makes Any Sense Except in the Light of Evolution

For example, the so-called alpha chains of hemoglobin have identical sequences of amino acids in man and the chimpanzee, but they differ in a single amino acid (out of 141) in the gorilla.

All serious scientists know that the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy must be linked from ecological variation to ecological adaptations, whether or not they refer to light in the context of evolution. Nothing makes sense when theorists fail to link the speed of light on contact with water from the creation of enzymes to the metabolism of food. And nothing else about food energy makes sense when pseudoscientists fail to link it to the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction, which biophysically constrains viral latency.

See: The phylogenetic utility and functional constraint of microRNA flanking sequences (2015)

Reported as:‘Junk DNA’ Used To Sort Species and also as: All in the (bigger) family with my comment:

The 2015 Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB) presenters may not recognize how much progress has been made since the 2013 ecological epigenetics symposium. For example, since then authors claimed “…ctenophore neural systems, and possibly muscle specification, evolved independently from those in other animals.” http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature13400

Six months later, other authors traced signaling factors found in vertebrates to the origin of nerve cell centralization via the diffuse nerve net of animals like the sea anemone. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms6536 That fact suggests ecological variation is linked to ecological adaptations in morphological and behavioral phenotypes via signaling protein concentrations that differentiate various cell types in body axes and the central nervous system.

Links across species from the epigenetic landscape to the physical landscape of DNA in organized genomes appear to have their origins in the conserved molecular mechanisms of RNA-directed DNA methylation and RNA-mediated protein folding. Two weeks after the publication that refuted ideas about independently evolved neural systems or muscle specification — and perhaps refuted the independent evolution of anything else, SICB presenters linked crustaceans to insects.

Apparently, they’ve learned that the same set of microRNAs controls expression of the genes for rate-limiting enzymes that control the hormone production of different hormones in insects and crustaceans.

Why were they left with any questions about how crustaceans and insects could all be part of one big family? They linked RNA-mediated cell type differentiation to what we described in our section on molecular epigenetics in our 1996 Hormones and Behavior review. From Fertilization to Adult Sexual Behavior

 

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