Light-activated carbon fixation did not evolve (2)

By: James V. Kohl | Published on: February 15, 2018

In Part 1 of Light-activated carbon fixation did not evolve, I wrote: George Church skips past the facts about the energy-dependent creation of ATP that link sunlight to energy-dependent ecological adaptations in all living genera via the physiology of reproduction and autophagy.
See also: Church Speaks: A Conversation With George Church [2.14.18]

Even though you’re doing evolution, you don’t need to believe it. Maybe it would help if the very top scientists believed in neo-Darwinism or something. Those are curious things that people fight about and have deep feelings about, but they don’t affect day-to-day life.

Do you know a “top scientist” who believes the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy automagically emerged from nothing, or that the emergence of energy somehow caused the evolution of all biodiversity in the context of “neo-Darwinism or something?” If so, see:
Energy limitation of cyanophage development: implications for marine carbon cycling

We show that cyanophages actively modulate expression of these AMGs in response to light intensity and provide evidence that such regulation may be facilitated by a novel mechanism involving light-dependent splicing of a group I intron in a photosynthetic AMG. Altogether, our data offers a mechanistic link between diurnal changes in irradiance and observed community level responses in metabolism, i.e., through an irradiance-dependent, viral-induced release of dissolved organic matter (DOM).

Simply put, they claim that the difference between day and night protects all organized genomes from the virus-driven theft of quantized energy that has been linked by all serious scientists from mutations to all pathology. If you find someone who does not believe that fact, or that is has been established by experimental evidence of top-down causation in species from microbes to humans,  ask them about the basis for their ridiculous belief in neo-Darwinism or something.
For comparison, see what is known to all serious scientists about the creation of sunlight and/or the creation of food energy-dependent microRNAs, which biophysically constrain viral latency and all life on Earth.
Remember, George Church is a coauthor of Quantification of microRNA expression with next-generation sequencing (2013)
MicroRNA expression has been linked from alternative splicings of pre-mRNAs (aka microRNAs) to fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions that differentiate the cell types of all living genera.
See:  Alternative splicing and the evolution of phenotypic novelty
Although there are still many biologically uninformed theorists who try to link evolution to phenotypic novelty manifested in morphology, few of them think about the fact that phenotypic novelty must include biophysically constrained species-specific behavioral phenotypes.
See for example: In the transcript from Church Speaks: A Conversation With George Church [2.14.18], the following claim is made outside the context of anything known to serious scientists about the food energy-dependent fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions that stabilize the organized genomes of all living genera in the context of behaviors linked to the physiology of reproduction.

[Arctic grass and] cyanobacteria, on the other hand, they fix [carbon]. Cyanobacteria turn carbon dioxide, a global warming gas, into carbohydrates and other carbon-containing polymers, which sequester the carbon so that they’re no longer global warming gases. They turn it into their own bodies.

Repeat after me: “They fix energy in their own bodies.” The energy-dependent fixation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy was presciently placed in to the context of “Laws of Biology” in Schrödinger (1944) “What is LIfe?

Indeed, in the case of higher animals we know the kind of orderliness they feed upon well enough, viz. the extremely well-ordered state of matter in more or less complicated organic compounds, which serve them as foodstuffs. After utilizing it they return it in a very much degraded form -not entirely degraded, however, for plants can still make use of it. (These, of course, have their most power supply of ‘negative entropy’ the sunlight.)

In the forward to the reprint edition, Roger Penrose posed a question that deserves an answer from people like George Church.

How often do we still hear that quantum effects can have little relevance in the study of biology, or even that we eat food in order to gain energy?” — Roger Penrose (August 8, 1991)

See also: From hydrogen atom transfer in DNA base pairs to ecosystems, which I placed into the context of the origin of information largely because I do not believe that quantized energy as information created itself, and refuse to examine the works of those who claim that quantized energy (e.g., sunlight) emerged.
See: Light-activated carbon fixation did not evolve (3)


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