From photons to the proton motive force (1)
Conclusion: If you would like to learn how to link quantized energy-dependent changes in atoms to ecosystems in all living genera via the physiology of reproduction, join others age 10+ who will be playing this game in September 2018.
Fly’s Blood-Brain Barrier Has Circadian Rhythms
“the anatomic characteristics of insect and vertebrate BBB structures are quite distinct.”
The molecular mechanisms are conserved.
My comment to The Scientist:
The levels of complexity have since been placed into the context of how energy-dependent changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance link atoms to ecosystems in all living genera via feedback loops.
For instance, see: Feedback loops link odor and pheromone signaling with reproduction
When theorists fail to start with energy-dependent changes they are forced to use de Vries 1902 definition of mutation in attempts to link the virus-driven theft of quantized energy to evolution. Two forthcoming conferences will place that pseudoscientific nonsense into its proper perspective.
See also: Here Comes Single-Cell Optogenetics
.. two-photon excitation with computer-generated holography (a way to precisely sculpt light in 3D) allow light to be focused tightly enough to hit one cell.
…most of the time, only one of the photons has high energy….
Production of ATP depends on the oxidation of energy-rich compounds to produce a chemical potential difference for hydrogen ions, the proton motive force (pmf), across the inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM).
Researchers who have not linked differences in the energy of photons to the proton motive force are not likely to be among those who are presenting in September: Schrödinger at 75 – The Future of Biology
See for comparison: Subatomic
Subatomic is a deck building game where players are competing to build a number of available Elements, which score them points. Each player starts with the same small deck of cards that consist of Proton, Neutron, and Electron Cards. They use these cards to build upon their current Atom (by playing these cards face-up as Subatomic Particles) in an attempt to construct one of the available Element Cards. Or players may use their hand of cards to purchase more powerful cards for later use (by playing them in combinations of face-down as energy and face-up as Subatomic Particles!) Subatomic introduces a unique variation on deck building with a highly accurate chemistry theme, with the ultimate goal of building Elements to score points, but allowing many varying types of strategies.
If you would like to learn how to link quantized energy-dependent changes in atoms to ecosystems in all living genera via the physiology of reproduction, join others age 10+ who will be playing this game in September 2018.