Each of these pathways have an intimate relationship with the programmed death pathways of autophagy and apoptosis and share a common link to the silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 1 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) (SIRT1) and the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR). Circadian clock genes are necessary to modulate autophagy, limit cognitive loss, and prevent neuronal injury. Non-coding RNAs can control neuronal stem cell development and neuronal differentiation and offer protection against vascular disease…
The author includes what is known about the links from biophysically constrained RNA-mediated energy-dependent pheromone-controlled reproduction in yeasts to mammals.
See also this comment by Frank Xavier on Eat Yourself to Live: Autophagy’s Role in Health and Disease
Amino acids are not all the same, EAA and NEAA messages epigenetically control sometimes univocal responses, but more often they rule opposing effects.
Thanks for mentioning that. In a recent interview about his forthcoming book, Carl Zimmer claimed
(edited) Food energy-dependent biophysically constrained viral latency has been linked to healthy longevity in all living genera via autophagy, in the context of fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions and game play in Cytosis, for ages 10+.
In that context, we included a section on molecular epigenetics in this 1996 Hormones and Behavior review: From Fertilization to Adult Sexual Behavior
Our claims have since been supported at every level of examination that now links the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy from electrons to ecosystems via cryo-EM technology and the creation of microRNAs.
See: Regulation of Luteinizing Hormone Receptor mRNA Expression in the Ovary: The Role of miR-122 and Regulation of FSH expression by differentially expressed miR-186-5p in rat anterior adenohypophyseal cells and Modulation of miRNAs by Vitamin C in Human Bone Marrow Stromal Cells
The microRNA-mediated link from Vitamin C to ecological adaptations in a modern human population in China established the facts about alternative splicings of pre-mRNA that we included in our 1996 review. See: Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems
Our ability to harness reactions that absorb or release energy is often contingent on water as a mediator. We can appreciate this simply by considering the steam that drives our electricity-generating turbines, the rivers that flow through our hydroelectric plants, and the freshwater–saltwater interface from which we can harvest blue energy. Whether we split water (as plants do), make it (as a product of combustion) or just drink it, this compound is inexorably tied to energy. Chemistry is at the heart of these topics and this collection brings together content from across Nature Research that focuses on the chemistry of energy production and water treatment.
Philip C. Ball and Carl Zimmer continue to display their overwhelming ignorance of cell biology in two books:
We now realise that quantum mechanics is less about particles and waves, uncertainty and fuzziness, than a theory about information…
We need a new definition of what heredity is…
Both so-called science journalists have ignored everything known to serious scientists about biophysically constrained viral latency. They reach a very large target audience of others who are biologically uninformed.
In the context of those who are equally uninformed, so-called science journalists have the power to contribute to increasing amounts of unnecessary suffering and premature deaths. Only the emergence of Timothy J. Cunningham as director of the CDC is likely to stop them. May God help us all if Timothy J. Cunningham has somehow vanished without a trace and fails to return to put pseudoscientists and their idiot minions into their proper place.