Summary: “Construction of automata” is the operative phrase. But you must be willing to believe that the automata create themselves outside the context of the creation of sunlight and light-activated endogenous substrates in all cell types of all living genera.
A formal definition of codes in general, and organic codes in particular, allows the relational diagram to be extended so as to capture this translation of formal cause into process. The extended relational diagram is used to exemplify causal entailment in a diverse range of processes, such as enzyme action, construction of automata, communication through the Morse code, and ribosomal polypeptide synthesis through the genetic code.
Construction of automata is the operative phrase if you are willing to believe that the automata create themselves outside the context of the creation of sunlight and light-activated endogenous substrates in all cell types of all living genera.
For example, ribosomal polypeptide synthesis is quantized energy-dependent. In this obfuscated representation of top-down causation, the fixation of achiral glycine in organized genomes occurs in the context of definitions and symbolism.
The “genetic code rule”(gene-centric theory) is placed into the context of the automagical binding of a messenger RNA (mRNA) via associations with natural selection for energy-dependent codon optimality. A codon at the binding site links achiral glycine to the stability of the Gly-tRNA that carries the optimized CCA anticodon and the associated Gly amino acid.
You might not understand the degree of obfuscation unless you know that achiral glycine in position 6 of the gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) decapeptide has been linked from the sense of smell in bacteria to the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction and our visual perception of mass and energy in the context of the time-space continuum.
See: Olfaction Warps Visual Time Perception (2017)
See also: Fundamental principles of the olfactory code (2018)
We will focus mainly on studies from the vinegar fly Drosophila melanogaster, but we will also indicate similarities to and differences from the olfactory system of other invertebrate species as well as of the vertebrate world.
Six levels of coding in insects are linked to vertebrates via links to the amygdala and bed nucleus of the stria
terminalis (BNST) and from there onto the hypothalamus in the context of fear behavior in rodents via the
‘Grueneberg ganglion’ and detection of low temperatures, alarm pheromones and kairomones leading
to fear behavior.
Fear has been linked from stress to gene activation via a change in one base pair and the BDNF Val66Met amino acid substitution in the mouse model of biophysically constrained viral latency and biodiversity. See: Redefining neuroendocrinology: Epigenetics of brain-body communication over the life course (2017)
See also: Feedback loops link odor and pheromone signaling with reproduction (2005)
See also: Combinatorial effects of odorants on mouse behavior (2016)
For more obfuscation of facts that are known to all serious scientists, see: Beyond Evolutionary Psychology: How and Why Neuropsychological Modules Arise (Dec 2017)
George FR Ellis, as co-author can be compared with the late Stephen Hawking. Ellis won the 2004 Templeton Prize for linking science and religion. Stephen Hawking is a dead atheist. Evolutionary psychology is an appropriate are of study for God-less communists and other atheists.
See for comparison: Are Evolution and Adaptation the Same?
See also: NASA & Templeton Fund Misty Quest for What “Life” Is (This post was published on the now-closed HuffPost Contributor platform.) It was the last post published by Suzan Mazur (Jan 15, 2018).
Manipulating the definition for what “life” is is the easiest way to ensure that you find “life” where you want to find it in the universe (that would include inside synthetic cell labs).
The future of biology (the study of living organism) probably does not include the study of how automata automata create themselves.