RNA interference

Light-controlled cell biology (revisited)

See Sci-Bay Scholar for citations and downloads of more than 3300 published works that link viruses to microRNAs Summary: …either the organized genomes of all cell types use the energy source, or viruses use the biophysically constrained energy of the cell types. No extant species can be used as an example of how the virus-driven theft of quantized energy can be linked from natural selection to the evolution of a new species. See also, with my emphasis: Light Offers New…

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Autophagy in health and disease (1)

Novel Treatment Strategies for the Nervous System: Circadian Clock Genes, Non-coding RNAs, and Forkhead Transcription Factors Each of these pathways have an intimate relationship with the programmed death pathways of autophagy and apoptosis and share a common link to the silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 1 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) (SIRT1) and the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR). Circadian clock genes are necessary to modulate autophagy, limit cognitive loss, and prevent neuronal injury. Non-coding RNAs can control neuronal stem cell…

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MicroRNA-activated / RNA-mediated gene expression

Summary: All patterns exist only in the context of the de novo creation of  enzymes and energy-dependent microRNAs that link light-activated endogenous substrates from what is known about particle physics to biophysically constrained viral latency in the cell biology game: Cytosis. See also: miRNA activation is an endogenous gene expression pathway Moving forward: Few people are likely to ask about the origin (i.e., the de novo creation) of energy-dependent microRNAs. Fewer still will link the creation of quantized energy as…

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Polymaths and paradigm shifts: From Asimov to Bear (5)

Summary: Neil deGrasse Tyson and Lawrence Krauss are among those who have continued to substitute pseudoscientific nonsense for legitimate facts, which is what Hawking did in every book he ever wrote, and each time he made a spurious claim based on his abilities as a conniving theorist whose works still have not been confirmed-and-validated. Now that he is gone, others may proclaim the greatness of his intellect and lionize the magnitude of his influence because they also are biologically uninformed…

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Polymaths and paradigm shifts: from Asimov to Bear (2)

Polymaths and paradigm shifts: from Asimov to Bear (1) See also: Search results for virus-driven energy theft Summary: The creation of enzymes, such as ATP synthase is energy-dependent. The energy biophysically constrains viral latency via the creation of microRNAs and RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions that differentiate the cell types of all living genera. Modifying Other’s Originality without Quote is an Act of Piracy A writer who does not cite the sources in h/h feature article is committing piracy. Piracy is…

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An evolutionary theory killer

How to create biologically uninformed theorists

Summary: On March 2, 2018, Philip C. Ball and Nick Lane started making claims about proton gradients. Their claims are based on my model of quantized energy as information. This post includes added support for what is known to all serious scientists about the light-activated endogenous substrates that link molecular epigenetics to RNA-mediated autophagy. See first: Energy as information and constrained endogenous RNA interference (audio/visual aid 2017) Feedback loops link quantized energy as information to biophysically constrained RNA-mediated protein folding…

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From photons to the proton motive force (2)

If you know someone who has linked differences in the energy of photons from the proton motive force to the physiology of reproduction and all biophysically constrained biodiversity, ask if they will attend Schrödinger at 75-The Future of Biology For contrast, touting genetic evolution is not the future of biology. See: Abstract: K06.00013 : A Path Integral Method for Analytically Tractable Inference of Evolutionary Dynamics Understanding the forces that shape genetic evolution is a subject of fundamental importance in biology…

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From photons to the proton motive force (1)

Conclusion: If you would like to learn how to link quantized energy-dependent changes in atoms to ecosystems in all living genera via the physiology of reproduction, join others age 10+ who will be playing this game in September 2018. Fly’s Blood-Brain Barrier Has Circadian Rhythms “the anatomic characteristics of insect and vertebrate BBB structures are quite distinct.” The molecular mechanisms are conserved. My comment to The Scientist: Feedback of the Drosophila period gene product on circadian cycling of its messenger…

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Ecological adaptation: a new definition of heredity (4)

Experimentally Induced Metamorphosis in Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) Under Constant Diet Restructures Microbiota Accompanied by Reduced Limb Regenerative Capacity (2018) Our results show that distinct bacterial communities inhabit individual organs of Axolotl and undergo substantial restructuring through metamorphosis. The restructuring during metamorphosis is biophysically constrained by feedback loops that link olfaction from food odors and pheromones to the creation of enzymes in bacteria and the secretion of the vertebrate decapeptide hormone GnRH (gonadotropin releasing hormone). See: Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist binding in…

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Ecological adaptation: A new definition of heredity (3)

Excerpt: Moving forward: Novel and Haplotype Specific MicroRNAs Encoded by the Major Histocompatibility Complex …these data suggest that a subset of the identified novel miRNAs may contribute to the pathophysiology of numerous diseases, laying the groundwork for future studies to elucidate the functional connections of miRNAs to the numerous diseases associated with sequence variants within non-coding regions of the MHC. OMCD: OncoMir Cancer Database Dysregulation of miRNAs is commonly observed in cancers and it largely cancer dependent. The virus-driven theft…

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