A system of fraud exists that fails to link natural selection for energy-dependent codon optimality to The Association between Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms, including miR-499a Genetic Variants, and Dyslipidemia in Subjects Treated with Pharmacological or Phytochemical Lipid-Lowering Agents 5/17/22
This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Effects of Phytochemicals on Cholesterol Metabolism Genes
Collectively, everything known to intelligent serious scientists about cell type differentiation across kingdoms can be linked from An Expanded Landscape of Unusually Short RNAs in 11 Samples from Six Eukaryotic Organisms 5/19/22 to ecological adaptations via Evolution and Diversification Dynamics of Butterflies 5/24/22
That fact has now been linked to Troubles with the Tree of Life 5/27/22 via at least two reports.
- Molecular phylogenies map to biogeography better than morphological ones 5/31/22
- Study suggests that most of our evolutionary trees could be wrong 6/1/22
…we find strong statistical proof of molecular trees fitting better not just in groups like Afrotheria, but across the tree of life in birds, reptiles, insects and plants too.
See also: Variations in Nomenclature of Clinical Variants between Annotation Tools It was published on 10/6/21 and reported in the May, 2022 issue of Laboratory Medicine.
Theorists typically exclude regulatory or noncoding variants and catagorize variant types into substitution, deletion, duplication, insertion, and deletion-insertion, according to the Human Genome Variation Society (HGVS) nomenclature. Simply put, anything that happens to a gene is considered to be a mutation in the context of neo-Darwinian evolution.
See: Mutation-Driven Evolution 6/14/13
Masatoshi Nei may have been the first to posit the nonsense that:
(1) Mutation is the source of all genetic variation on which any form of evolution is dependent.
His definition of mutation is a change of genomic structure. The change includes nucleotide substitutions, insertions/deletions, segmental gene duplications, genomic duplications, changes in gene regulatory systems, transposition of genes, horizontal gene transfer and everything else that could happen outside the context of biophysically constrained energy-dependent ecological adaptations.
See for comparison: Nutrient-dependent/pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution: a model, which was published on the same day as Nei’s textbook-length nonsense.
The difference between my approach to ecological adaptations and Nei’s approach to mutation-driven evolution involves fixation of amino acid substitutions in the organized genomes of all living genera. Rather than link natural selection for beneficial mutations and the elimination of harmful mutations, the selective advantage of fixation of one or more amino acid substitutions is determined by the food energy-dependent pheromone-regulated type of DNA change. All teleological approaches to the facts link constraint-breaking mutations to virus-driven pathology in the context of the overwhelming amount of biodiversity that arose during the past 5-10,000 years.
Read between the lines to differentiate between use of the term amino acid substitution and claims about beneficial mutations.
It clarifies that all intelligent serious scientists must continue to link facts about energy-dependent stem cell Creation to prevention of the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA, which causes variants linked to pathology.
Pseudoscientists have been slow to learn the facts because they failed to differentiate the term mutation from amino acid substitution.