Discover’s “My Science Shop” now advertises the games that led to development of the cell biology game: “Cystosis,” which is a neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory-killer. Cytosis links the creation of anti-entropic viruidal light to all biodiversity on Earth via the physiology of reproduction and biophysically constrained viral latency.

See the dumbed-down version of that fact: Missing Mutations Suggest a Reason for Sex

Summary: A good model with a good model organism predicts. The mouse-to-human model of biophysically constrained viral latency predicts that one base pair and one fixed RNA-mediated amino acid substitution link the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction to all vertebrate biodiversity via food odors.  Predictably, in the axolotyl (aka the “walking fish”), an iodine isotope and cryo-EM technology will soon be used to establish the facts about how the creation of sunlight must be linked from the creation of ATP and the creation of RNA to DNA repair and all biodiversity via the physiology of reproduction and healthy longevity in all living genera.

See for example: A Conserved MicroRNA Regulatory Circuit Is Differentially Controlled during Limb/Appendage Regeneration

…we employ next-generation sequencing to identify shared, differentially regulated mRNAs and noncoding RNAs in three different, highly regenerative animal systems: zebrafish caudal fins, bichir pectoral fins and axolotl forelimbs.

See for comparison: Mutation, Not Natural Selection, Drives Evolution also reported as: We are all mutants (March 2014)

In 1972, he devised a now widely used formula, Nei’s standard genetic distance, which compares key genes of different populations to estimate how long ago the groups diverged. In the early ’90s, Nei was a co-developer of free software that creates evolutionary trees based on genetic data. Two decades later, Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis, or MEGA, remains one of the most widely used and cited computer programs in biology.

But it’s his natural selection-busting theory, which Nei developed in the ’80s and expanded on in the 2013 book Mutation-Driven Evolution, that the researcher wants to see embraced, cited and taught in schools.

That’s not going to happen except in the context of teaching students the difference between a ridiculous theory and facts about ecology!

See: Israeli Middle Schools School to Include Theory of Evolution

…learning about evolution is not the primary function of the decision, but rather to use it as a building block for students to learn more about their ecology.

See also: Asymmetric Auxin Distribution is Not Required to Establish Root Phototropism in Arabidopsis

…we conclude from our current data that the phototropic response in Arabidopsis roots is induced by an unknown mechanism…

No intelligent person on Earth is going to teach students that any phototropic response is induced by an unknown mechanism.

See for comparison: Overexpression of microRNA408 enhances photosynthesis, growth, and seed yield in diverse plants and Transposon-derived small RNAs triggered by miR845 mediate genome dosage response in Arabidopsis

Instead, students who are 10 years old or older will learn cell biology in the context of accurate representations of how what organisms eat biophysically constrains viral latency in the context of the physiology of reproduction. Students who learn to play the games that led to the development of the game “Cytosis” can start with the creation of microRNAs in plants and link the creation of sunlight to all biodiversity via the physiology of reproduction in plants and animals.

They will learn that embracing a ridiculous theory of mutation-driven evolution led to acceptance of  evolutionary trees based on mathematical models of genetic data. They will learn how biophysically constrained top-down causation links RNA-mediated fixation of amino acid substitutions to all cell type differentiation in all living genera via what is known to serious scientists about sensing and signaling in the context of quantitative proteomics.

Ras/ERK-signalling promotes tRNA synthesis and growth via the RNA polymerase III repressor Maf1 in Drosophila

These findings suggest that stimulation of tRNA synthesis may be one way that Ras promotes mRNA translation to drive cell and tissue growth.

The light induced stimulation of tRNA synthesis links sensing and signaling from energy-dependent protein biosynthesis and degradation in the context of microRNA-mediated switches that are “flipped” by the availabilty of nutrients, water, and oxygen. Oxidative phosphorylation is required to link the switches to the energy-dependent stability of supercoiled DNA, which protects all organized genomes from the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA.

See: Quantitative proteomics identifies redox switches for global translation modulation by mitochondrially produced reactive oxygen species (open access)

Reported as: Nano-switches in the cell: A team with researchers has discovered a new mechanism for the regulation of protein synthesis.

..increased levels of reactive oxygen species inhibit protein synthesis. Using biochemical and cell biological methods, she showed that damaged mitochondria can signal their metabolic state to the protein synthesis machinery via reactive oxygen species and, thereby, slow down cellular protein synthesis. It is assumed that the temporary reduction of the protein synthesis rate under oxidative stress has a positive effect on the survival of the cells as it is believed to help to restore cellular homeostasis. This also prevents the cell from synthesizing proteins that cannot be taken up by damaged mitochondria, which, as a consequence, accumulate in the cytoplasm and thus need to be degraded.

Anyone who knows anything about energy-dependent microRNA-mediated autophagy will recognize the ridiculous representation and claim about the discovery of a new mechanism for the regulation of protein synthesis. The creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy links the creation of ATP to the creation of enzymes and microRNAs. The microRNAs regulate protein biosynthesis and degradation. There is nothing new about that. Yoshinora Ohsumi won the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for details about autophagy in the context of a published work from 1998.

He was the senior author of A protein conjugation system essential for autophagy

This conjugation can be reconstituted in vitro and depends on ATP. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a protein unrelated to ubiquitin that uses a ubiquitination-like conjugation system. Furthermore, Apg5 and Apg12 have mammalian homologues, suggesting that this new modification system is conserved from yeast to mammalian cells.

The modification system is ATP-dependent and microRNA-mediated.

See: The tipping point (revisited): 68,000 publications

See also: The tipping point (revisited): 69,000 publications

For updates, see: MicroRNA at PubMed

Moving forward, it is time to link the creation of microRNAs from fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions to mental health.

See: Diet-driven RNA interference and mental health (4)

Keep Reading