Changes in the Gene Expression Profiles of the Hypopharyngeal Gland of Worker Honeybees in Association with Worker Behavior and Hormonal Factors

Excerpt:

…amino acid spacer connecting the Zn-finger motifs [49], is an early JH-response gene that mediates JH action downstream of Met [46].

My comment: RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions link the epigenetic landscape to the physical landscape of DNA via the nutrient-dependent physiology of reproduction and cell type differentiation in all genera.

— see Nutrient-dependent/pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution: a model.

Excerpt:

Animal models are often used to model human physical and mental disorders. The honeybee already serves as a model organism for studying human immunity, disease resistance, allergic reaction, circadian rhythms, antibiotic resistance, the development of the brain and behavior, mental health, longevity, diseases of the X chromosome, learning and memory, as well as conditioned responses to sensory stimuli (Kohl, 2012).

 

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