adaptation in yeast

Energy-dependent physical and biophysical constraints (1)

Summary: The hitchhiking, the epistasis, and the dynamics of adapting populations are energy-dependent and biophysically constrained in the context of RNA-mediated protein folding chemistry. The virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA links mutations to all pathology in all living genera. An upper limit on the functional fraction of the human genome For the human population to Energy-dependent physical and biophysical constraints (1)