alpha chains of hemoglobin

Light-controlled cell biology (revisited)

See Sci-Bay Scholar for citations and downloads of more than 3300 published works that link viruses to microRNAs Summary: …either the organized genomes of all cell types use the energy source, or viruses use the biophysically constrained energy of the cell types. No extant species can be used as an example of how the virus-driven theft of quantized energy can be linked from natural selection to the evolution of a new species. See also, with my emphasis: Light Offers New…

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New Testament Book Cover Refutes Theistic Evolution

Video of Biology of the Book Goats, bookworms, a monk’s kiss: Biologists reveal the hidden history of ancient gospels Collins already had developed a method to identify ancient species by differences in the amino acid sequences of collagen and other proteins preserved in fossils. See: Protein power by Robert F. Service …methods to sequence amino acids lag behind DNA sequencing. The report of 300 million year old proteins is based on ridiculous theories that failed to include what was known about…

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Polycombic ecological adaptation as a science, not a theory (2)

Evolutionary Constraints in the β-Globin Cluster: The Signature of Purifying Selection at the δ-Globin (HBD) Locus and Its Role in Developmental Gene Regulation Conclusion: … the results here presented indicate that purifying selection is driving not only HBD evolution but also its neighbor pseudogene, HBBP1. In the light of recent advances in the characterization of the β-globin cluster, we propose that the complex patterns of diversity observed in this genomic region arose from distinct functional constraints related with the intricate…

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