birds

Codon optimality vs systemic fraud (3)

A system of fraud exists that fails to link natural selection for energy-dependent codon optimality to The Association between Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms, including miR-499a Genetic Variants, and Dyslipidemia in Subjects Treated with Pharmacological or Phytochemical Lipid-Lowering Agents 5/17/22 This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Effects of Phytochemicals on Cholesterol Metabolism Genes Collectively, everything Codon optimality vs systemic fraud (3)

DS Wilson’s view of biophysically constrained life (3)

A Different Kind of Theory of Everything (2/19/19) 1) In 1964, during a lecture at Cornell University, the physicist Richard Feynman articulated a profound mystery about the physical world. 2) It seems inconceivable that this intricate web of perfect mathematical descriptions is random or happenstance. This mystery must have an explanation. 3) Some researchers are DS Wilson’s view of biophysically constrained life (3)

Epigenetics and autophagy vs mutations and evolution (6)

Bird embryos uncover homology and evolution of the dinosaur ankle Conclusion: The early formation of the limb skeleton is often assumed to be well known from ‘classic’ published lines of work using traditional techniques and model species. However, it is worth revising this basic information. New methods and better taxon sampling can provide increased detail Epigenetics and autophagy vs mutations and evolution (6)

Positive feedback loops and epigenetic traps

Transcription factor trapping by RNA in gene regulatory elements Conclusion: …bidirectional transcription of active enhancers and promoters evolved, in part, to facilitate trapping of TFs at specific regulatory elements. The model also suggests that transcription of regulatory elements produces a positive-feedback loop that may contribute to the stability of gene expression programs in cells. The Positive feedback loops and epigenetic traps

Model organisms: the birds and the bees

Bird Genomes Abound Scientists complete the largest-ever comparative genomic study of birds. By Ruth Williams | December 11, 2014 Excerpt: “Birds are model organisms for a number of human behaviors and conditions—For example, Jarvis compares vocal learning in birds and humans—so determining the genetic basis of such traits requires genetic history.” My comment: Honeybees are Model organisms: the birds and the bees

Insect homology and diversity attributed to mutations

Ancient homology underlies adaptive mimetic diversity across butterflies Excerpt: “Surprisingly, our results suggest that modulation of this conserved developmental gene has occurred in tandem between these two deeply divergent butterfly lineages, implying an unexpected and remarkable level of predictability in the evolutionary process.” Reported as: A single evolutionary road may lead to Rome Excerpt: “Copying Insect homology and diversity attributed to mutations