cause

Eliminating evolutionary theory

Does evolutionary theory need a rethink? Excerpt 1) “…the theory neglects key processes, say Kevin Laland and colleagues.” My comment: “Olfaction and odor receptors provide a clear evolutionary trail that can be followed from unicellular organisms to insects to humans (Keller et al., 2007; Kohl, 2007; Villarreal, 2009; Vosshall, Wong, & Axel, 2000).” — Human Eliminating evolutionary theory

Genes not culture drive humans forward (an antithetical approach)

Epigenetic influences of nutrition and socialization on intracellular signalling pathways link epigenetic cause directly to gene activation and stochastic gene expression are required for genetically predisposed phenotypic changes in the body and behavior of organisms from microbes to man.

Behavioral epigenetics

The “chain of causality” of epigenetic changes has been established across all species via the basic principles of biology and levels of biological organization.

Baiting the behaviorist(s)

We cannot directly link any individual gene, cell, tissue, organ, or organ system to any behavior without including the rest of the pathway that links gene activation to brain-directed behavior.