codon usage

From base editing to RNA editing (2)

Summary: The link from the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy and the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction to fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions in the organized genomes of all living genera is all that is required to claim adaptation for comparison to Koonin’s moronic assertion that the amino acid composition of proteins varies because the composition evolved. Digital reconstruction of the Ceprano calvarium (Italy), and implications for its interpretation A “fresh” (i.e., not yet “fossil”) bone can be…

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Epigenetics and autophagy vs mutations and evolution (7)

RNA interference (RNAi) fails to protect all cell types from virus-driven energy theft. The effect on some cell types cannot be controlled. That’s because nutrient energy-dependent endogenosymbiosis and the pheromones-controlled physiology of reproduction protect the organized genomes of species from microbes to humans. Billions of waster dollars have been spent with no end to the waste in sight — until the Trump administration stops it. As that begins to happen, see: tRNA-mediated codon-biased translation in mycobacterial hypoxic persistence (open access)…

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DNA repair via junk DNA (2)

See also: DNA repair via junk DNA (1) Recently Evolved Genes Identified From Drosophila yakuba and D. erecta Accessory Gland Expressed Sequence Tags (2006) Reported in Singer (2015) as: In 2006, Begun found some of the first evidence that genes could indeed pop into existence from noncoding DNA. Singer’s claim that genes automagically pop into existence is consistent with Masatoshi Nei’s conclusion in: Mutation-Driven Evolution …genomic conservation and constraint-breaking mutation is the ultimate source of all biological innovations and the…

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The Aquatic Ape / Waterside Ape divergence

See also: The Aquatic Ape: New evidence? (9/8/16) Walt Patrick  Now that I’m semi-retired…. My major focus is the development of village-scale energy sovereignty. I believe that sustainable community stands on an interlocking foundation of effective and sustainable energy systems, and I’m working to develop ways that a community can meet its energy needs without having to rely on multi-national energy corporations. My comment: Thanks to Walt for introducing me to Elaine Morgan’s work. He loaned me his copy of…

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Conserved biophotonic emissions

Human high intelligence is involved in spectral redshift of biophotonic activities in the brain The tendency of the spectral redshift of glutamate-induced biophotonic emissions in this study is in the order of frog, mouse, chicken, pig, monkey, and human, which is almost consistent with the phylogenetic tree. Although the present imaging technique could not distinguish and determine what types of neurons emit what types of spectral biophotons or whether a neuron or type of neurons emit different spectral biophotons, we…

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Antithetical conclusions (5)

Something is antithetical when it is in complete and utter opposition to the character of something. For example, see: Small population size? It doesn’t have to mean that species can’t adapt to environmental change. A new study shows that small populations of species can still adapt and respond to natural selection. Natural selection for energy-dependent codon usage in the context of the physiology of reproduction is the only way known to serious scientists for a species to ecologically adapt. Theorists…

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Energy-dependent natural fluorescence and bioluminescence

Researchers discover that DNA naturally fluoresces Everybody has overlooked this effect because nobody asked the right question,” said Backman…. “It sounds cliché, but you get the answer to the question you ask. When we actually asked the right question, we got a very different answer than expected. Evolutionary resurrection of flagellar motility via rewiring of the nitrogen regulation system Researchers did not ask any questions about how the energy-dependent weekend resurrection of the bacterial flagellum occurred in an organism that…

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Food supplement or licensed immunostimulant?

Glucan from Food Supplement to a Licensed Drug   Excerpt: “…β-glucan possesses a significant immunostimulating activity in a wide variety of species, including earthworms, shrimp, fish, chicken, rats, rabbits, guinea pigs, sheep, pigs, cattle, and, last but not least, humans. Based on these results, it has been concluded that β-glucan represents a type of immunostimulanting molecule that is actively spanning full evolutionary spectrum. Some experiments also show that β-glucan can help even in the protection of plants. β-Glucan is therefore…

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Q and A: Energy-dependent cell type differentiation

Richard Lenski and other theorists will not discuss the amount of pseudoscientific nonsense they have included in their ridiculous claims. Rarely does anyone else attempt to unravel their claims in the context of the reports I will cite below, or in other reports that refute ridiculous neo-Darwinian theories. Recently, however, Greg Thurston made an honorable effort to learn about energy-dependent biophysically constrained cause and effect via a series of questions that could be answered with minimal jargon. Q and A…

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