de novo gene creation

Evolutionary theories of epigenetic drift

Testing Two Evolutionary Theories of Human Aging with DNA Methylation Data My summary: Outside the context of food energy-dependent biophysically constrained pheromone-controlled viral latency, mutation accumulation (MA) and disposable soma (DS) provide possible explanations for the existence of human aging. For example, age-differentially-methylated sites across the genome showed significant MA-consistent increases in heritability with age or significant DS-consistent decreases in heritability. Their results supposedly show that both MA and DS play a role in explaining aging and aging-related changes but…

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Your indifference is killing you and others

Summary: Coherence-inducing mechanisms is double-speak for mechanisms that are nutrient-dependent and pheromone-controlled. Feedback loops link odor and pheromone signaling with reproduction has been presented in double-speak as Looplessness in networks is linked to trophic coherence We are currently studying the entropy of the coherence ensemble we defined for this work. “In general, higher trophic coherence would be associated with lower entropy states, which means that if networks are more coherent than the random expectation there must indeed be some kind…

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Energy-dependent physical and biophysical constraints (5)

Summary: Emmy Noethe’s theorems were developed in the early 1900’s. Richard Feynman inadvertently or purposefully alluded to them as examples of human idiocy. Discover Magazine resurrected the examples of human idiocy in a 2017 article. For comparison, Choi et al., (2017) support the claims that intercellular and interkingdom communication is energy-dependent and controlled by the metabolism of food energy to pheromones. It is obvious that pheromones biophysically constrain the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA. That fact links everything currently known…

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Hydrogen-atom energy in DNA base pairs

See also: Consciousness is simply food rearranged Role of Double Hydrogen Atom Transfer Reactions in Atmospheric Chemistry Abstract excerpt:  Hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) reactions are ubiquitous and play a crucial role in chemistries occurring in the atmosphere, biology, and industry. My comment: The link from physics to chemistry and the conserved molecular mechanisms of biologically-based RNA-mediated cell type differentiation has been the focus my works for more than 20 years, even before I knew what I would need to explain…

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Stress-linked population-level history dependence

The Science of President Trump My comment: Trump is not a president. He may be the Republican front-runner. In any case, attempts to portray him as a president in the context of “science” must be viewed in the context of pseudoscientific nonsense and media misrepresentations. Many political views on science are unrealistic because they are based on the pseudoscientific nonsense touted by neo-Darwinian theorists. If someone thinks that nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled multicellularity automagically evolved, their thought processes have probably already been…

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Sensationalizing no new mechanism

Scientists discover new mechanism that protects brain stem cells against aging-induced damage Excerpt: Sebastian Jessberger says: This is an exciting new mechanism involved in stem cell division and aging. But as of now we are only just beginning to understand the molecular constituents and the true meaning of the barrier for stem cell division in the brain. One key question to be answered is whether the barrier is established in all somatic stem cells of the body. My comment: There…

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Models are not theories (2)

MicroRNA-encoded behavior in Drosophila Editor’s summary: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene activity. They repress expression through complementary base pairing interactions with target messenger RNAs. MiRNAs are involved in regulating many cell and developmental processes. Picao-Osorio et al. find that miRNAs can also control behavior in the fruit fly Drosophila. My comment: Ridiculous claims from 1) We are all mutants and from 2) Mutation-Driven Evolution can now be placed into the context of what is known to…

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ISHE's human ethology group

On January 7, 2015, the moderator of the ISHE’s human ethology yahoo group posted this notice to the group. RNA-mediated epigenetic regulation of gene expression D Holoch, D Moazed – Nature Reviews Genetics, 2015 Diverse classes of RNA, ranging from small to long non-coding RNAs, have emerged as key regulators of gene expression, genome stability and defence against foreign genetic elements. Small RNAs modify chromatin structure and silence transcription by guiding … Until January 7, 2015, research has typically been portrayed in the context of…

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