Electron spin

Quantum initiation of cold chemistry vs Hypeology (2)

See first: Quantum initiation of cold chemistry vs Hypeology (1) Genotype Genotype is a betting and manipulation game about cross-breeding pea plants, as in Gregor Mendel’s famous experiments. Players compete over three generations to predict the traits of new offspring, by controlling the parent plants’ genetic makeup (“genotype”). The offspring are determined by a die-roll at the end of each round and become the starting parents for the next generation. Changing the parent genotypes dramatically alters the likelihood of the…

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An evolutionary theory killer

Quantum initiation of cold chemistry vs Hypeology (1)

Cold chemistry with two atoms Summary For centuries, chemists have written equations representing chemical reactions by using symbols for atoms and molecules; for example, 2H2O + 2Na → 2NaOH + H2. This short notation shows only four reacting particles, but even in a classroom demonstration where a small piece of sodium is dropped in water, the total number of reactants will be on the order of Avogadro’s number (∼6 × 1023). On page 900 of this issue, Liu et al.…

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Trashing the 2nd Law

Summary: Autophagy is the antiphage defense strategy. (December 8, 2016) Other definitions no longer apply. See: Experiment shows that arrow of time is a relative concept, not an absolute one Everything that theorists were taught to believe about entropy was probably based on the ridiculous assumption that “…there are no correlations between particles.” Everything known to serious scientists about energy-dependent autophagy shows that the creation of energy must be linked from the biophysically constrained physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction via feedback…

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Consciousness is simply food rearranged

The claim that consciousness is simply food rearranged can be placed into a historical perspective that crosses more than 70 years. Historical perspective: (1944) What Is Life? Excerpt: Indeed, in the case of higher animals we know the kind of orderliness they feed upon well enough, viz. the extremely well-ordered state of matter in more or less complicated organic compounds, which serve them as foodstuffs. After utilizing it they return it in a very much degraded form -not entirely degraded,…

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Hematopoiesis and practopoiesis

Practopoiesis A thought results primarily from an adjustment of the brain hardware, and not from a computation executed by that hardware. My comment: The adjustments of the brain hardware integrate RNA-mediated events that include gene duplication and fixation of amino acid substitutions. The nutrient-dependent gene duplications and substitutions link the epigenetic landscape to the physical landscape of DNA in the organized genomes of species from microbes to man via their physiology of reproduction. The idea that everything known about nutrient-dependent…

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Theoretical physics and molecular biology

Astrophysical phenomenology meets pheromone-ology: Slugs that “eat light” Theoretical physics and molecular biology can be compared in the context of their explanatory power. For example (with my emphasis): Theoretical physics (2015): Firewall Phenomenology with Astrophysical Neutrinos Abstract: One of the most fundamental features of a black hole in general relativity is its event horizon: a boundary from which nothing can escape. There has been a recent surge of interest in the nature of these event horizons and their local neighbourhoods.…

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Eliminating correlations from evolutionary ecology

De novo creation of olfactory receptor genes clearly links food odors via amino acid substitutions to cell type differentiation in mosquitoes, and in nematodes, flies, honeybees, etc. It would be surprising if cause and effect did not extend to vertebrates from invertebrates. Indeed, Elekonich and Robinson (2000) linked our 1996 model of RNA-mediated cell type differentiation to hormone-organized and hormone-activated behavior in insects more than a decade ago. Since then, Vosshall’s lab has established the role that amino acid substitutions…

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