energy transfer

Virulence: Out of stock

Virulence: An Infectious Card Game This product is currently out of stock and is on backorder. For comparison, pre-orders of “Cytosis: A Cell Biology Board Game”  are being shipped this month, and the “board game” adds “depth” to what could already have been learned from the “card game.” I ordered two cases of “Cytosis.” Players start with the creation of energy and link ATP from the creation of RNA to the creation of all biophysically constrained life on Earth. Players…

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For God and Country

Faith in evolution: Paleontology as a molecular science

Keeping the faith For the last 20 years, Mary Schweitzer, a paleontologist at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, has amassed a wealth of evidence that she’s isolated protein fragments from dinosaurs as much as 80 million years old. That bucks the conventional wisdom among paleontologists who argue that proteins, which are made of chains of amino acids, can’t survive more than 1 million years or so. So far, no group other than Schweitzer and her collaborators has managed to…

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Displays of ecological adaptation

A cinematic approach to drug resistance In a creative stroke inspired by Hollywood wizardry, scientists have designed a simple way to observe how bacteria move as they become impervious to drugs. The experiments are thought to provide the first large-scale glimpse of the maneuvers of bacteria as they encounter increasingly higher doses of antibiotics and adapt to survive—and thrive—in them. My comment: The nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations were reported as if mutation-driven evolution of bacteria had occurred. See for comparison:…

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Molecular Diagnostics: What is unprotected life (3)

Researchers use sunlight to produce chemicals and energy Excerpt: “It has always been right beneath our noses, and yet no one has ever taken note: Photosynthesis by way of the sun doesn’t just allow things to grow; the same principles can be applied to break plant matter down, allowing the release of chemical substances. In other words, direct sunlight drives chemical processes. The immense energy in solar light can be used so that processes can take place without additional energy…

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