epistasis

Polymaths and paradigm shifts: from Asimov to Bear (2)

Polymaths and paradigm shifts: from Asimov to Bear (1) See also: Search results for virus-driven energy theft Summary: The creation of enzymes, such as ATP synthase is energy-dependent. The energy biophysically constrains viral latency via the creation of microRNAs and RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions that differentiate the cell types of all living genera. Modifying Other’s Originality without Quote is an Act of Piracy A writer who does not cite the sources in h/h feature article is committing piracy. Piracy is…

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An evolutionary theory killer

Subatomic: From thermophiles to humans (3)

Summary: RNA-mediated cell type differentiation in species from insects to primates can be linked from claims about the lower percentage of food energy-dependent DNA methylation in Diet and cell size both affect queen-worker differentiation through DNA methylation in honey bees (Apis mellifera, Apidae) to the conclusion from “Cryo-electron tomography reveals that dynactin recruits a team of dyneins for processive motility.” See also: Starfish reveal the origins of brain messenger molecules (February 9, 2016) One of the neuropeptides found is similar…

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Mouse morphs and primate diversity in 50 years

Excerpt: Analysis of the crystal structure of deer mouse Hb at 1.8 Å resolution (24, 25) revealed that each of the eight rHb mutants is characterized by a unique constellation of hydrogen bonds within and between subunits (Table 2 and fig. S2). Additional hydrogen bonds between subunits of the same αβ dimer are formed in the presence of β128Ser (an L-type residue; fig. S2), which contributes to the observed epistasis between allelic α- and β-chain variants. ——————————— Energy-dependent RNA-mediated biophysically…

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For God and Country

Energy-dependent structure and function: Until death (3)

Energy-dependent structure and function: Until death (2) The COMT Val158Met polymorphism supposedly is not found in species other than humans See: Global variation in the frequencies of functionally different catechol-O-methyltransferase alleles This is also the first study establishing the COMT*L allele as the derived allele unique to humans. Other organisms do not commit suicide. That suggests the human specific COMT Val158Met substitution may be important to those who know very little about suicide prevention. For instance, see: The catechol-o-methyltransferase Val158Met polymorphism…

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For God and Country

Energy-dependent structure and function: Until death (2)

Energy-dependent structure and function: Until death (1) Terry Crews details alleged sexual assault by ‘high level’ Hollywood exec “This whole thing with Harvey Weinstein is giving me PTSD. Why? Because this kind of thing happened to ME…” Crews tweeted Tuesday. This claim helps to link the celebrity status of Hollywood victims like Robin Williams to the suicide rate in veterans who have returned from military service overseas with viruses. The viruses clearly link energy-dependent changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance…

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For God and Country

Energy-dependent structure and function: Until death (1)

The structure-energy landscape of NMDA receptor gating …using single-molecule Forster resonance energy transfer (smFRET), we map the energy landscape of the first transmembrane segment of the Rattus norvegicus NMDA receptor under resting and various liganded conditions. These results show kinetically and structurally distinct changes associated with apo, agonist-bound, and inhibited receptors linked by a linear mechanism of gating at this site. Furthermore, the smFRET data suggest that allosteric inhibition by zinc occurs by an uncoupling of the agonist-induced changes at…

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Lethal virus kills 5 billion people?

Predicting who wins the 2017 Nobel Prizes (2)

Summary: Endogenous RNA interference is the energy-dependent epigenetic link from the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction to biophysically constrained viral latency. The stress-linked virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA has been linked to all pathology. Three Americans win Nobel medicine prize for body rhythm work [But they failed to link Americanism to Creationism] I predicted that Wen Zhou would win for linking the energy-dependent creation of G protein-coupled receptors to all biodiversity via olfaction and the space-time continuum in the context of…

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Energy-dependent physical and biophysical constraints (1)

Summary: The hitchhiking, the epistasis, and the dynamics of adapting populations are energy-dependent and biophysically constrained in the context of RNA-mediated protein folding chemistry. The virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA links mutations to all pathology in all living genera. An upper limit on the functional fraction of the human genome For the human population to maintain a constant size from generation to generation, an increase in fertility must compensate for the reduction in the mean fitness of the population caused,…

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Energy-dependent microRNA biogenesis

Published May 3, 2017 Genetic variation and RNA structure regulate microRNA biogenesis …primary sequence determinants and RNA structure are key regulators of miRNA biogenesis. Genetic variation aka primary sequence determinants are energy-dependent and RNA-mediated. Energy-dependent RNA methylation is an experience-dependent link from natural selection for energy-dependent codon optimality. Natural selection for energy-dependent codon optimality links ATP-dependent microRNA biogenesis to RNA biosynthesis. Ridiculous attempts to portray energy-dependent top-down causation as if genetic variation came first may continue for another 52 years.…

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2016 obfuscated facts about energy as information

Illumination of the fluorescent biomarker in green revealed that the adult mouse brain could be infected by Zika in a region called the subgranular zone of the hippocampus. Full of neural progenitor cells, this part of the brain is important in learning and memory. Credit: Laboratory of Pediatric Brain Disease at The Rockefeller University/Cell Stem Cell As reported by Bob Yirka in: Best of Last Year – The top Medical Xpress articles of 2016 a team of MIT biologists reported…

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