evolutionary biology

For God and Country

Energy-dependent structure and function: Until death (5)

Summary: If a player starts with evolution instead of the creation of energy that links ATP to the creation of RNA, the player is a loser. Nobody wants to belong to the party of losers. One of the best strategies in such a case is evidently an interpretation of the change as a gradual accumulation of knowledge while their work has always been at the cutting edge. — Kalevi Kull Secular: Ancient Viruses Are Buried in Your DNA (2017) by…

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Evolution outside the context of “the light of evolution”

Summary: The claim that two mutations led to the weekend resurrection of the bacterial flagellum cannot be supported with the claim that only one amino acid substitution differentiates the cell type of two different primate species (gorillas and humans) from two similar species (chimpanzees and humans). The fact that mutations are not amino acid substitutions can be supported in the context of food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled cell type differentiation in species from microbes to humans. Nothing in Biology Makes Any Sense…

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Energy-dependent physical and biophysical constraints (5)

Summary: Emmy Noethe’s theorems were developed in the early 1900’s. Richard Feynman inadvertently or purposefully alluded to them as examples of human idiocy. Discover Magazine resurrected the examples of human idiocy in a 2017 article. For comparison, Choi et al., (2017) support the claims that intercellular and interkingdom communication is energy-dependent and controlled by the metabolism of food energy to pheromones. It is obvious that pheromones biophysically constrain the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA. That fact links everything currently known…

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Light ‘drives’ adaptation; nothing ‘drives’ evolution (2)

See: Light ‘drives’ adaptation; nothing ‘drives’ evolution See also: Who rules the waves? – Viruses might just be bit players in the drama of the seas. Then again, they could be major actors Excerpt (from 1996):  Most consider viruses to be a legion of cripples, sterilised by ultraviolet radiation and rendered impotent by hosts that are largely immune to their threat. But a few researchers take the opposite view. And if they turn out to be right, viruses could radically…

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A failed theory of cancer: two more decades of pseudoscience

1995 Neo-Darwinism has failed as an evolutionary theory 2016 Cancer and the transformation of life: An Interview with Athena Aktipis Excerpt: Cancer is evolution taking place inside multi-cellular organisms. Cancer cells are perversely adaptive and proliferate faster than normal cells. Since evolution has no foresight, it doesn’t matter that the end result of cancer evolution is the death of the cancer along with its host. But cancer cells are subject to the same evolutionary pressures as other cells. Amazingly, only…

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Creating genes and species

The Octopus Genome: Not “Alien” but Still a Big Problem for Darwinism by Casey Luskin, August 24, 2015 Excerpt: Whenever you see “de novo” origin of a gene invoked, you know that evolutionary biologists lack any explanation for how that gene arose. My comment: I tend to use the experience-dependent “de novo” creation of olfactory receptor genes as an example of how RNA-mediated events link physics, chemistry, and biology from atoms to ecosystems via the conserved molecular mechanisms of biophysically…

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Unraveling evolutionary pseudoscience

Evolutionary Psychology Is Neither Excerpt any work that posits an adaptive explanation for a feature, but calls it an “evolutionary” approach – much less “the” evolutionary approach – is likely to be of greater value to the study of rhetoric or narrative in human evolution[9] than to the study of human evolution itself. My comment: Evolutionary biology that is touted in the context of the “Modern Synthesis” is no better than evolutionary psychology. Any links from neo-Darwinian evolution to human…

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Effect and affect of a single base-pair change

Junk DNA: A Journey Through the Dark Matter of the Genome Hardcover – April 14, 2015 by Nessa Carey New Book on “Junk DNA” Surveys the Functions of Non-Coding DNA Review by Casey Luskin Excerpt: “We now know that in some cases just a single base-pair change in an apparently irrelevant region of the genome can have a definite effect” (p. 201) My comment: A single base-pair change “… appears to result in species-specific organism-level changes in skin, glands, and…

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Color vision refutes the evolutionary dogma of gene duplication

The Rainbow Connection Color vision as we know it resulted from one fortuitous genetic event after another. By Kerry Grens | October 1, 2014 Excerpt 1: “The fact that we have the same few amino-acid substitutions as New World monkeys argues there was a single ancestral variation that gave rise to [the cone opsins of] both Old and New World primates,” Nathans says. “It leads to an interesting twist on the evolutionary dogma of gene duplication.” My comment: The fact…

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