Gene Editing

Enzyme-constrained interethnic biodiversity (2)

See: The Bull Sperm MicroRNAome and the Effect of Fescue Toxicosis on Sperm MicroRNA Expression The links from the anti-entropic virucidal energy of the sun are obvious. Plant microRNAs link the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction in soil bacteria from the physiology of food energy-dependent reproduction in animals to the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction in all Enzyme-constrained interethnic biodiversity (2)

Evolutionary congruence (losers) vs ecological adaptation (winners)

Nuclear and Plastid DNA Sequence-based Molecular Phylogeography of Salvadora oleoides (Salvadoraceae) in Punjab, India Reveals Allopatric Speciation in Anthropogenic Islands Due to Agricultural Expansion This is the first DNA-sequence based phylogeographic assessment of Salvadora in the world. Sequence based phylogeographic assessment of tropical tree species is a relative rarity and in India, such investigations are Evolutionary congruence (losers) vs ecological adaptation (winners)

Hard Science vs the neo-Darwinian “magic box”

Summary: Identical nucleotide sequences link energy-dependent changes in binding sites to different amino acids in different proteins. The binding sites are conserved in the orthologous mammalian genes. The in vivo structure of biological membranes and evidence for lipid domains Scientists investigate how the sense of smell works in bacteria Biogenic non-crystalline U(IV) revealed as major Hard Science vs the neo-Darwinian “magic box”

RNA-mediated terrorism

Obama Advisers Urge Action Against CRISPR Bioterror Threat For the past two decades, the government has focused its biodefense efforts on a list of known pathogens—such as anthrax, smallpox, and Ebola—declared by the Department of Health and Human Services and Department of Agriculture to have the “potential to pose a severe threat to public health RNA-mediated terrorism

Did “Nature” kill Steve Jobs? (3)

So Many Research Scientists, So Few Openings as Professors Excerpt: Even someone as brilliant as Emmanuelle Charpentier, who in 2015 became head of the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology after a momentous discovery in gene editing, spent the previous 25 years moving through nine institutions in five countries. My comment: Why did she move Did “Nature” kill Steve Jobs? (3)

Natural cooperation and Evolution 2.0

More than 45,000 published journal articles indexed on PubMed already contained the term microRNA before evolutionary theorists declared the microRNAs were linked from their emergence to all biodiversity via mutations and evolution in: MicroRNA mechanisms of action: what have we learned from mice? Conclusion:  We speculate that miRNAs emerged during evolution to increase the complexity Natural cooperation and Evolution 2.0