microRNA/messenger RNA

Your indifference is killing you and others (3)

Summary: The speed of light on contact with water links the creation of microRNAs to Optical control of membrane tethering and interorganellar communication at nanoscales MicroRNA flanking sequences are linked to all biodiversity via hydrogen-atom transfer in DNA base pairs in solution. The physiology of reproduction links energy-dependent changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance to the fixation of amino acid substitutions in supercoiled DNA. Supercoiled DNA protects all organized genomes from the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA. See also: Combating…

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Natural selection for codon optimality and quantum viruses

Life is Quantum Life is energy-dependent. Energy is information. Life is not quantum except in the context of hydrogen-atom energy transfer in DNA base pairs in solution. Claims that do not also address the effects of virus-driven energy theft fail to link what is know about quantum physics from the creation of the sun to quantum biology. That is why Matti Pitkanen and other plagiarists must take my model and use it as if they knew how to link ecological…

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More refutations of neo-Darwinian nonsense

New CRISPR–Cas systems from uncultivated microbes In bacteria, we discovered two previously unknown systems, CRISPR-CasX and CRISPR-CasY, which are among the most compact systems yet identified. Notably, all required functional components were identified by metagenomics, enabling validation of robust in vivo RNA-guided DNA interference activity in E. coli. Interrogation of environmental microbial communities combined with in vivo experiments allows access to an unprecedented diversity of genomes whose content will expand the repertoire of microbe-based biotechnologies. They discovered that energy-dependent RNA-mediated…

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Re-inventing mutation-driven evolution (2)

See: Re-inventing mutation-driven evolution See also: Temperature regulates splicing efficiency of the cold-inducible RNA-binding protein gene Cirbp … we suspected that splicing efficiency, as defined by the fraction of pre-mRNA converted into mature mRNA, must have contributed to temperature-dependent Cirbp mRNA accumulation Splicing efficiency is energy-dependent in the context of temperature-dependent oscillations that link the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy to all biodiversity via Turing’s claims and my model. See also: The B/Z reaction, and the problem with peer review In…

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Phylogenetic similarity sans energy

Phylogenetic Similarity of Popular Rice Varieties from Different Sources (2016) Cites: Sablok and Shekhawat (2008) Excerpt: “Microsatellites, often abbreviated as simple sequence repeats (SSRs), are 1 to 5 bp repeat mutation prone motifs. Due to mutation prone specific and high rate of polymorphism, microsatellites (SSR) have become a modern genetic resource tool for the genetic mapping studies, developing and establishing new patterns of molecular breeding and in inferring the phylogenetic and comparative genome analysis. These repetitive stretches are distributed in…

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Soil bacteria, bulls, cows, microRNAs, and mammary glands

What is Life? Excerpt:  Indeed, in the case of higher animals we know the kind of orderliness they feed upon well enough, viz. the extremely well-ordered state of matter in more or less complicated organic compounds, which serve them as foodstuffs. After utilizing it they return it in a very much degraded form -not entirely degraded, however, for plants can still make use of it. (These, of course, have their most power supply of ‘negative entropy’ the sunlight) My comment:…

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A two-faced protein enables RNA-mediated DNA repair (4)

See also: A two-faced protein enables RNA-mediated DNA repair (3) The importance of DNA repair to heritability cannot be understated. Theorists who think in terms of mutations and evolution are biologically uninformed and may never have learned anything about DNA repair. Serious scientists are overloaded with information and are not likely to try to explain facts about biologically based cause and effect to theorists. November, 2015 An individual-based diploid model predicts limited conditions under which stochastic gene expression becomes advantageous My…

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Receptor methylation controls behavior

The protein arginine methyltransferase PRMT5 promotes D2-like dopamine receptor signaling Excerpt 1) The addition of a methyl group to an arginine residue can remove a hydrogen bond donor and decrease the electrostatic surface potential at the residue, resulting in a change in size and hydrophobicity that can affect its interaction with binding partners (21). Excerpt 2) Together, these results led us to propose that arginine methylation promotes D2-like dopamine receptor signaling and that this mechanism of receptor regulation is conserved…

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A genetic variant refutes neo-Darwinism

Summary: They link a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) to a genetic variant that decreases viability of an embryo, without linking a nutrient-dependent RNA-mediated amino acid substitution to pheromone-controlled cell type differentiation that begins in the embryo and continues throughout the life history transitions of invertebrates and vertebrates. A Benefit of Failed Pregnancy? This genome-wide association study revealed “…a striking link between mitotic aneuploidy and a single nucleotide variant (SNP rs2305957) on chromosome 4 of maternal genomes.” Excerpt: “There’s this genetic…

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From 3-D to epigenetically-effected 4-D genome make-up

Discoveries in 3-D Genome Make-Up and Genetic Changes: Clarification of differences amidst chromosome pairs and how gene expression is effected by chromosome folding Excerpt: “…offers a useful guide for future studies of the epigenome’s function in our evolution and diseases that beset us.” My comment: The guide is also useful because it shows how the anti-entropic effects of light-induced amino acid substitutions links the epigenetic landscape to the physical landscape of DNA in species from microbes to man. For example,…

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