nucleotides

Light-activated error free DNA repair (2)

Summary: In the diagram and diatribes that accompany claims about de novo changes in electrons and the production of nucleotides, the amount of pseudoscientific nonsense becomes perfectly clear. Pseudoscientists start with energy-dependent changes but call the changes de novo changes in electrons. That allows the pseudoscientists to dismiss any facts about how the creation of energy must be linked to the creation of enzymes. The creation of enzymes does not automagically occur and the creation of all biodiversity must occur…

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From base editing to RNA editing (4)

Summary: To claim evolution, Koonin must link food energy from the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction to fixation of a beneficial mutation in the organized genome of one species that evolved into another species. Search Results for “base editing” = 82 blog posts starting with Cell-type differentiation on February 7, 2014 Search Results for “RNA editing” = 95 blog posts starting with In theory, or supported by experimental evidence? October 22, 2014 See for comparison PubMed: “base editing” (33 citations) and…

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From base editing to RNA editing

Base Editing Now Able to Convert Adenine-Thymine to Guanine-Cytosine “Nature conveniently provides us with cytosine deaminase enzymes that operate on DNA,” Liu tells The Scientist. The creation of quantized energy in sunlight links energy as information from electrons to ecosystems via the physiology of reproduction in all living genera. The claim that “Nature” provides us with cytosine deaminase enzymes makes it seem that the enzymes emerged and automagically evolved to become purposeful and meaningful in the context of ridiculous theories…

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Energy-dependent hydrogen bonds in supercoiled DNA

Chirality Check Most biological macromolecules are homochiral, and enzymes help to maintain this state of affairs; for example, checkpoints ensure that only l-amino acids are incorporated into proteins during translation. The fixation of the only achiral amino acid, glycine in position 6 of the gonadotropin releasing hormone decapeptide protein links the nutrient energy-dependent pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction from yeasts to humans. That fact about RNA-mediated protein folding chemistry is missing from the chirality check, It also is missing from representations…

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RNA-mediated theory killers (3)

  Ghosts in the Genome How one generation’s experience can affect the next By Oliver J. Rando | December 1, 2015 My comment: “…epigenetic information carriers include covalent modifications to nucleotides and histones, providing a wide variety of mechanisms that enable organisms to transmit information extragenomically.” When this was placed into its proper perspective, it was used in a parody by researchers who know how atoms and ecosystems are linked by RNA-mediated cell type differentiation in all living genera. See: …

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Reverse phosphorylation

See for review: Let there be anti-entropic light (1)   Squid are hyper-editors when it comes to RNA This is a great summary of what is currently known about anti-entropic light and nutrient-dependent RNA-mediated pheromone-controlled cell type differentiation. Excerpt: “During RNA editing, specific enzymes alter nucleotides in mRNA transcripts so that the resulting protein differs in amino acid sequence from what was encoded by the original DNA. Such RNA editing is a means to generate greater protein diversity…” The RNA-editing…

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