Something is antithetical when it is in complete and utter opposition to the character of something. Analysis of protein-coding genetic variation in 60,706 humans reported as: Largest collection of human exome sequence data yields unprecedented tool for diagnosing rare disease …variation that was expected, but not found, in the data offered new insight. Some genes … Anthetical conclusions
The events depicted are now portrayed in the context of Genome Dynamics Events, which are biophysically-constrained RNA-mediated events. RNA-mediated events lead to amino acid substitutions that differentiate the cell types of species. For example: “…the so-called alpha chains of hemoglobin have identical sequences of amino acids in man and the chimpanzee, but they differ … Physics denied; pseudoscientific nonsense accepted
Diana Maria Petrosanu asked a question in an Evolutionary Psychology News discussion about Evolution’s Random Paths Lead to One Place. I’ve been very vocal in other discussions that tout ridiculous theories that have been repeatedly refuted by biological facts. My answer to her question might help others to understand the language of RNA-mediated events. That’s … Behavior: The first response is RNA-mediated not genetically-determined
This is an open access article. Any advocate of adaptive evolution via random mutations can attempt to find evidence that I could not find by scanning it.
Is there a simpler “proof” that makes those who think that random mutations cause adaptive evolution appear even more ridiculous?
Changes in food availability, food type, or the way you get food can trigger evolutionary mechanisms to deal with those changes. The result can be increased brain size and cognition, changes in locomotion and even social changes
“random” mutations in the genome are not quite so random after all.
Natural Selection and Sexual Selection must concurrently occur, which makes them non-random processes not driven by random mutations.
the bottom-up epigenetic effects of nutrient chemicals on speciation that are concurrently controlled by the top-down epigenetic effects of pheromones on reproduction challenges those who might rather attempt to-explain away the conserved molecular biology of adaptive evolution via random mutations theory
I mention this only to note the likelihood that random mutations are not driving the disease processes — like Alzheimer’s and that proper nutrition and pheromone therapy offers hope to an aging population.