reproduction

Energy-dependent biodiversity (4)

 Censorship & Upcoming Royal Society Evo Meeting Excerpt: In an attempt to do damage control, one of the organizers of the Royal Society paradigm shift meeting (not Denis Noble) sent me an email, which follows, asking that I stop referring to the Royal Society meeting as such. Why? Because he speaks for scientists who think they can control the scientific discourse as it was controlled at the time of Darwin. My comment:  Re: The need for discussion of viruses (e.g.,…

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Energy-dependent biodiversity

A general alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling enabled by redox-active esters and alkylzinc reagents Abstract excerpt: …the same activating principles used for decades to make simple C–N (amide) bonds from carboxylic acids with loss of water can be used to make C–C bonds… Conclusion: The ready availability of numerous carboxylic acids (which are easily converted to esters) contributes to the reaction’s versatility. My comment: Light energy-induced chemical reaction versatility links what is known about biophotonics to the physiology of energy-dependent pheromone-controlled reproduction in…

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Energy-dependent creation and entropy

Theorists tend to use the term de novo when they don’t know. If they don’t know how energy-dependent structures and functions are created, functional structures are created de novo. See for example:  Lymphotoxin-Dependent B Cell-FRC Crosstalk Promotes De Novo Follicle Formation and Antibody Production following Intestinal Helminth Infection If theorists don’t know what causes mutations, the mutations are de novo mutations. See for example: Germline De Novo Mutations in GNB1 Cause Severe Neurodevelopmental Disability, Hypotonia, and Seizures My comment: The…

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Confusing effects and affects of visual input

Their report indicates that these researchers never learned to differentiate between epigenetic effects on RNA-mediated cell type differentiation compared to the experience-dependent affects on behavior of amino acid substitutions. Experience Affects Critical Period Plasticity in the Visual Cortex through an Epigenetic Regulation of Histone Post-Translational Modifications Excerpt: We show that the early exposure of rat pups to enriching environmental conditions accelerates the critical period for plasticity in the primary visual cortex, linking this effect to increased histone acetylation, specifically at…

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Ignore the evidence: Rachel Feltman

“There is incontrovertible evidence that Alzheimer’s Disease has a dormant microbial component. We can’t keep ignoring all of the evidence” –Professor Douglas Kell, Manchester University Experts Say There’s a Herpes-Alzheimer’s Link Excerpt: …herpes has been linked to damage in the central nervous system and the limbic system, which is associated with mental decline and personality changes, the Telegraph reported. The experts called for a deeper investigation into the connection. Calm down: Herpes probably isn’t going to give you Alzheimer’s Excerpt:…

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Jay R. Feierman: twenty years of antagonism

Jay R. Feierman began his antagonism when we first met. At a poster presentation during a prestigious conference in 1995, I detailed all the aspects of my mammalian model. He asked “What about birds?” He is the”bird-watching” moderator of the International Society for Human Ethology (ISHE) yahoo group who banned me from participation last year when I failed to answer a “yes” or “no” question about the role of RNA in cell type differentiation. Since then, his attacks on my…

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Energy dependent RNA-mediated immunity (3)

Viral ‘fossils’ in our DNA may help us fight infection Excerpt: The work suggests that these viral fossils probably played a key role in the evolution of our species… My comment: The work shows that Greg Bear accurately portrayed virus-driven energy theft when he linked it to the creation of new species. In 1999 and 2003, he linked what is now known about the anti-entropic effects of sunlight and hydrogen-energy transfer in DNA base pairs in solution to the creation…

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Energy dependent RNA-mediated immunity (2)

See also: Energy dependent RNA-mediated immunity (1) Neuroscience of Early-Life Learning in C. elegans See also:  Pan-neuronal imaging in roaming Caenorhabditis elegans Reported as: Watching sensory information translate into behavior “We have long been recording behavior in worms, but we and others have concluded that, if you want to get physiologically relevant neural activity patterns, you have to look at neurons inside a behaving animal,” Samuel explained. “Only in that context are all feedback loops intact, where behavioral output modulates…

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Energy-dependent RNA-mediated immunity (1)

Regulatory evolution of innate immunity through co-option of endogenous retroviruses Excerpt: The analysis revealed a primate-specific element that orchestrates the transcriptional response to interferons. Selection can therefore act on selfish genetic elements to generate novel gene networks. Reported as: A copy-and-paste gene regulatory network Excerpt: Chuong et al. provide evidence that concerted processes, involving endogenous retroviruses (ERVs), which are remarkably abundant in mammalian genomes, have contributed to the evolution of the regulatory systems that control the mammalian immune system (6).…

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RNA-mediated DNA modifications

A new way to discover DNA modifications Excerpt: Using their approach, which combines bioanalytical chemistry, comparative genomics, and a special type of DNA sequencing, the team has discovered a DNA modification that helps bacteria to protect their genomes from viral infection. My comment: There is one way to link nutrient-dependent microRNA flanking sequences from adhesion proteins to supercoiled DNA, which protects the organized genomes of all living genera from virus-driven entropy. It starts with energy-dependent changes in hydrogen-atom transfer in…

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