selection

Energy-dependent coulombic, autophagic, polycombic healthy longevity

Mitophagy is the selective degradation of mitochondria by autophagy. See also this excerpt: Disorders in energy creation by mitochondria can cause cellular degeneration… Mitochondria do not create energy.  They link the creation of the sun’s anti-entropic virucidal energy to RNA-mediated cell type differentiation via biophysically constrained DNA repair. Energy-dependent autophagy links mitophagy to supercoiled DNA via the innate immune system and RNA-mediated repair of damaged DNA. Repair is nutrient-energy dependent. Separating mitophagy from autophagy is one way to prevent people…

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Epigenetics and autophagy vs mutations and evolution (8)

Mycobacterial RNA isolation optimized for non-coding RNA: high fidelity isolation of 5S rRNA from Mycobacterium bovis BCG reveals novel post-transcriptional processing and a complete spectrum of modified ribonucleosides. Epub 2014/12/30 Abstract except:   This optimized RNA isolation procedure thus provides a means to more rigorously explore the biology of ncRNA species in mycobacteria. Reported 2016/11/11 in the context of: Newly discovered genetic code controls bacterial survival during infections Excerpt: “It is really an alternative genetic code, in which any gene…

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Conserved biophotonic emissions

Human high intelligence is involved in spectral redshift of biophotonic activities in the brain The tendency of the spectral redshift of glutamate-induced biophotonic emissions in this study is in the order of frog, mouse, chicken, pig, monkey, and human, which is almost consistent with the phylogenetic tree. Although the present imaging technique could not distinguish and determine what types of neurons emit what types of spectral biophotons or whether a neuron or type of neurons emit different spectral biophotons, we…

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Energy-dependent natural fluorescence and bioluminescence

Researchers discover that DNA naturally fluoresces Everybody has overlooked this effect because nobody asked the right question,” said Backman…. “It sounds cliché, but you get the answer to the question you ask. When we actually asked the right question, we got a very different answer than expected. Evolutionary resurrection of flagellar motility via rewiring of the nitrogen regulation system Researchers did not ask any questions about how the energy-dependent weekend resurrection of the bacterial flagellum occurred in an organism that…

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Origin and evolution of the genetic code

Origin and evolution of the genetic code: the universal enigma Excerpt: …it appears essentially certain that the evolution of the code involved some combination of frozen accident with selection for error minimization. My comment: This claim from 2009 failed to address anything currently known to serious scientists about the Schrodinger’s claim from 1944, in What is Life? Indeed, in the case of higher animals we know the kind of orderliness they feed upon well enough, viz. the extremely well-ordered state…

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Teleophobes vs teleophiles: a recent history

  Teleology is a reason or explanation for something in function of its end, purpose, or goal. The teleological or physico-theological argument, also known as the argument from design, or intelligent design argument is an argument for the existence of God or, more generally, for an intelligent creator “based on perceived evidence of deliberate design in the natural or physical world” My comment: Teleophobes make weak arguments peppered with logical fallacies.  They do not make physico-theological arguments, which can be supported…

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Jumping back: Science or Pseudoscience?

Daily Comment November 21, 2014 European Science’s Great Leap Backward By Michael Specter Excerpt 1) “When politicians reject verifiable data and reputable research and rely instead on politics or desire, the results can be devastating.” Excerpt 2 with my emphasis) “…scientific organizations from around the world… have strongly endorsed the safety of G.M. foods. (It should be noted that the U.S. can claim no superiority in our approach to evidence-based science, as demonstrated by the fact that nearly half of…

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Eliminating correlations from evolutionary ecology

De novo creation of olfactory receptor genes clearly links food odors via amino acid substitutions to cell type differentiation in mosquitoes, and in nematodes, flies, honeybees, etc. It would be surprising if cause and effect did not extend to vertebrates from invertebrates. Indeed, Elekonich and Robinson (2000) linked our 1996 model of RNA-mediated cell type differentiation to hormone-organized and hormone-activated behavior in insects more than a decade ago. Since then, Vosshall’s lab has established the role that amino acid substitutions…

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We need pattern recognition, not proclamations

Two days after serious scientists report that there is no such thing as the evolution of antibiotic resistance in bacteria, see: Team discovers how microbes build a powerful antibiotic Pope Francis declares evolution and Big Bang theory are right and God isn’t ‘a magician with a magic wand’ Excerpt: “Evolution in nature is not inconsistent with the notion of creation, because evolution requires the creation of beings that evolve.” My comment: The Pope echoes Dobzhansky (1973) who wrote: “I am…

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We need pattern recognition, not a prologue

Prolegomenon “a preliminary discussion…; a prologue.” “… we need a mapping from genotype to phenotype, from phenotype to what is selected, and from what is selected to the new genotype (Lewontin, 1961). — cited in Prolegomenon to patterns in evolution Excerpt:  “…we cannot derive what selection, acting at the level of the whole organism in its world, will “select” among the possible but unprestatable…” My comment: Organisms naturally select the nutrients that enable thermodynamic cycles of protein biosynthesis and degradation,…

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