Translation

Autophagy is the antiphage defense strategy (2)

2/15/17 Energy as information and constrained endogenous RNA interference (video) The 6.46 minute-long technical presentation (above) from the Precision Medicine Virtual Conference is difficult to understand.Thus, 10 months later, Nik Willmore asked: 12/24/17 What are your insights into CRISPR and mTOR, for a young audience? I’m not mocking you…yet, Humpty Dumpty. What is the basis of your unifying principle? Vibration? Bohmian morphogenetic fields? Modified Darwin? God? –Nik Willmore @nikwillmore 12/25/17 Replying to @nikwillmore @jhewitt123 God created the anti-entropic virucidal energy of sunlight and…

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From Autophagy.pro (transitions)

Summary: Who lets biologically uninformed theorists make presumptions about evolution after all serious scientists have linked light-harvesting from energy-dependent changes in electrons to ecosystems in all living genera via natural selection for food energy-dependent codon optimality. Who lets them pretend not to know that the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction links autophagy to the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of healthy longevity? Who is causing the unnecessary suffering and premature death of your loved ones? Elsevier publishing supports the pseudoscientific nonsense touted by…

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Energy-dependent physical and biophysical constraints (6)

Conclusion: Like Richard Dawkins, Magnus S. Magnusson is a pseudoscientist. A light-induced change in an endogenous substrate found in all cell types of all living genera links femtosecond blasts of UV light from the de novo creation of the innate immune system to RNA-mediated DNA repair in species from microbes to humans. The theft of quantized energy by viruses has been linked to all pathology. The speed at which quantum decoherence occurs makes it difficult for virus-driven energy theft to…

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Energy-dependent epigenetic translation to mRNA stability

Negative selection in humans and fruit flies involves synergistic epistasis Negative selection against deleterious alleles produced by mutation influences within-population variation as the most pervasive form of natural selection. Naturally occurring positive selection for energy-dependent codon optimality replaced every aspect of neo-Darwinian theories that linked natural selection from mutations to evolution of increasing organismal complexity. Positive selection for epigenetically-effected beneficial alleles links the epigenetic landscape to the physical landscape of supercoiled DNA via nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled metabolic networks and genetic networks.…

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UV light and non-coding RNA

UV Irradiation Induces a Non-coding RNA that Functionally Opposes the Protein Encoded by the Same Gene …these events underlie a switch to expression of short mRNA isoforms and preferential use of alternative last exons in a number of genes, including ASCC3. Intriguingly, the switch between ASCC3 isoforms occurs on more than one level, in that the long mRNA isoform encodes a protein, functioning in the context of the ASCC complex and required for maintaining transcriptional suppression in the late stages of…

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RNA methylation (revisited)

N 6-Methyladenosine (m6A) Methylation in mRNA with A Dynamic and Reversible Epigenetic Modification Excerpt: …the reversible and dynamic m6A RNA methylation, the most prevalent internal modification in mRNA, plays broad and key roles in diverse biological processes. Through the functional interactions with m6A methyltransferases, demethylases, and m6A-binding proteins, this epigenetic modification affects various aspects of RNA metabolism, including mRNA transcription, splicing, nuclear export, localization, translation and stability, and post-transcriptional regulate gene expression at the RNA level. Conclusion:  Indeed, breakthrough discoveries…

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Origin and evolution of the genetic code

Origin and evolution of the genetic code: the universal enigma Excerpt: …it appears essentially certain that the evolution of the code involved some combination of frozen accident with selection for error minimization. My comment: This claim from 2009 failed to address anything currently known to serious scientists about the Schrodinger’s claim from 1944, in What is Life? Indeed, in the case of higher animals we know the kind of orderliness they feed upon well enough, viz. the extremely well-ordered state…

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Hydrogen-Atom Transfer in DNA Base Pairs (4)

Historical perspective: Behold James Vaughn Kohl. Ecological adaptation occurs via the epigenetic effects of nutrients on alternative splicings of pre-mRNA which result in amino acid substitutions that differentiate all cell types of all individuals of all species. The control of the differences in cell types occurs via the metabolism of the nutrients to chemical signals that control the physiology of reproduction. These facts do not refute evolution; they simply refute the ridiculous theory of mutation-initiated natural selection that most people…

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Correctly modeling ecological adaptation

Statistics requantitates the central dogma Excerpt: “Mammalian proteins are expressed at ∼103 to 108 molecules per cell (1). Differences between cell types, between normal and disease states, and between individuals are largely defined by changes in the abundance of proteins, which are in turn determined by rates of transcription, messenger RNA (mRNA) degradation, translation, and protein degradation. If the rates for one of these steps differ much more than the rates of the other three, that step would be dominant…

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Evolutionary heritage or ecological adaptation? Racism versus reality

Jewish Heritage Written in DNA Fully sequenced genomes of more than 100 Ashkenazi people clarify the group’s history and provide a reference for researchers and physicians trying to pinpoint disease-associated genes. By Kate Yandell | September 9, 2014 Excerpt: These results are compatible with those of prior work on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which is passed on maternally. This prior work suggested that Ashkenazi men from the Middle East intermarried with local European women. The Ashkenazi population “hasn’t been likely as…

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