Young Earth Creationists

Evolution outside the context of “the light of evolution”

Summary: The claim that two mutations led to the weekend resurrection of the bacterial flagellum cannot be supported with the claim that only one amino acid substitution differentiates the cell type of two different primate species (gorillas and humans) from two similar species (chimpanzees and humans). The fact that mutations are not amino acid substitutions can be supported in the context of food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled cell type differentiation in species from microbes to humans. Nothing in Biology Makes Any Sense…

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Young earth creationists refute theistic evolution

Every great scientific truth goes through three stages. First, people say it conflicts with the Bible. Next they say it has been discovered before. Lastly they say they always believed it. –Louis Agassiz The series about refutations of theistic evolution continues. Creationists and two publications in “Nature” support the claims of young earth creationists who cited: Holmes (1996)  Who rules the waves? – Viruses might just be bit players in the drama of the seas. Then again, they could be…

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Wikipedia refutes theistic evolution

RNA-Directed DNA Methylation Besides RNA molecules, a plethora of proteins are involved in the establishment of RdDM, like Argonautes, DNA methyltransferases, chromatin remodelling complexes and the plant-specific Polymerase IV and Polymerase V. All these act in concert to add a methyl-group at the 5′ position of cytosines. In contrast to animals, cytosines at all sequence context (CG, CHG, CHH) may get de novo methylated in plants. There is no such thing as de novo methylation. Methylation is energy-dependent. Virus-driven energy…

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George Church refutes theistic evolution

Wednesday Afternoon Lecture Series (WALS) – The future of genetic codes and BRAIN codes The NIH Director’s Wednesday Afternoon Lecture Series, colloquially known as WALS, is the highest-profile lecture program at the NIH. The future of genetic codes and BRAIN codes (video) My comment on the video: Biophysically constrained genetic codes are brain codes. They link the epigenetic landscape to the physical landscape of supercoiled DNA via metabolic networks, which link energy as information to all cell type differentiation in…

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Energy-dependent fluorescence in supercoiled DNA

A slide was posted by Larry Kisner Sr. to “The Battlefield” group with comments that may or may not be his. He refused to provide a source for the slide until after I had been banned from the closed group. He claimed it came from one of Mark Armitage’s powerpoint slides. Mark Armitage did not respond to my request for the slide. Excerpt from the caption: “The auto-fluorescence property of these cells indicates they have not yet fossilized. My question:…

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Epigenetics and autophagy vs mutations and evolution (6)

Bird embryos uncover homology and evolution of the dinosaur ankle Conclusion: The early formation of the limb skeleton is often assumed to be well known from ‘classic’ published lines of work using traditional techniques and model species. However, it is worth revising this basic information. New methods and better taxon sampling can provide increased detail and substantial revision, with important evolutionary implications. In addition to the fossil record, reliable embryological data from birds are important to understand their evolution from…

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Life is energy-dependent task management

See also: Life is energy-dependent task management (2) Press Release: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2016  for the design and synthesis of molecular machines Excerpt: They have developed molecules with controllable movements, which can perform a task when energy is added. My comment: When energy is added is the key to understanding healthy longevity in the context of popular information Popular information (link opens pdf) Excerpt: All chemical systems strive for equilibrium – a lower energy state – but this…

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YEC compared to Perry Marshall’s opinions

Heterogeneity in Oct4 and Sox2 Targets Biases Cell Fate in 4-Cell Mouse Embryos Received: June 9, 2015/ Published: March 24, 2016 Conclusion: In conclusion, we suggest that highly heterogeneous expression of several Oct4 and/or Sox2 targets within the 4-cell embryo, regulated by differential activity of CARM1, creates heterogeneities that bias cell fate toward either an embryonic (pluripotent) or extra-embryonic (differentiating) fate. We further suggest that the highly heterogeneous expression of Sox21 is one of a number of mechanisms available to…

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Selective reporting of inferences: examples of pseudoscience

In the narrative of this presentation on RNA mediated molecular epigenetics and virus driven entropy, I mentioned that Cori Bargmann is scheduled to deliver a lecture entitled “Genes, neurons, circuits and behavior: an integrated approach in a compact brain.” An integrated approach will help others understand what is currently known about how ecological variation leads to ecological adaptation. Works, like hers, with the nematode model organism will help others understand how ecological adaptation leads to biodiversity in the morphological phenotypes…

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