For succinct representations of the claims made by people who are obviously biologically uninformed, see:
Jay R. Feierman: Variation is not nutrient availability and the something that is doing the selecting is not the individual organism. A feature of an educated person is to realize what they do not know. Sadly, you don’t know that you have an incorrect understanding [of] Darwinian biological evolution.
See for comparison:
Jay R. Feierman: I am absolutely certain that if you showed this statement to any professor of biology or genetics in any accredited university anywhere in the world that 100% of them would say that “Random mutations are the substrate upon which directional natural selection acts” is a correct and true statement.
See for comparison:
…in the case of higher animals we know the kind of orderliness they feed upon well enough, viz. the extremely well-ordered state of matter in more or less complicated organic compounds, which serve them as foodstuffs. After utilizing it they return it in a very much degraded form -not entirely degraded, however, for plants can still make use of it. (These, of course, have their most power supply of ‘negative entropy’ the sunlight.) — Erwin Schrodinger (1944)
See also: Nutrient-dependent / Pheromone-controlled thermodynamics and thermoregulation (August 3, 2013)
Resurrected proteins reveal that ancestral uricases have steadily decreased in activity since the last common ancestor of mammals gave rise to descendent primate lineages. We were also able to determine the 3D distribution of amino acid replacements as they accumulated during evolutionary history…
The amino acid substitutions are not accumulated during evolutionary history. The substitutions link nutrient energy-dependent RNA-mediated top down causationk from ecological variation to ecological adaptation via the creation of heat shock proteins. The heat shock proteins “buffer” organized genomes to protect them from virus-driven energy theft and genomic entropy via the physiology of reproduction, which is controlled by pheromones in species from microbes to humans.
See also this discussion attempt: An epigenetics gold rush: new controls for gene expression
The other day, I read a new paper from a sociologist who wrote that epigenetics reveals that the environment is “more important than genes” in constructing the phenotype. That is an egregiously misleading statement.
Excerpt: “The differential effects of m6A may depend on distinct cis-acting elements that are present on the RNA molecule which may interact with m6A, including micro-RNAs (Alarcón et al., 2015; Chen et al., 2015).” p. 6776
James Kohl: Ultimately, the biggest embarrassment to scientists who have linked energy-dependent changes from angstroms to ecosystems via chirality, autophagy, and supercoiled DNA is that other scientists start with the de novo creation of copy variants.
Sinclair et al., (January 25, 2017) Nucleic and amino acid sequences support structure-based viral classification
Without the energy-dependent changes, the virucidal effects of femtosecond blasts of UV light on energy-dependent codon optimality and DNA repair cannot link the de novo creation of the energy in hydrogen atoms to the biophysically constrained coding sequence in all living genera via the physiology of reproduction.
See for comparison: Nutrient-dependent/pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution: a model and this presentation. Energy as information and constrained endogenous RNA interference
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The “Nature Publications Group” banned me from commenting on their publications several months ago.
Comments on this news are disabled for everyone, which means the Nature Publications Group knows how to hide from any accountability for the lies they have told in the context of gene-centric theories.
See: The RNA code comes into focus Published online
- Method of the Year 2016: Epitranscriptome analysis
- Epitranscriptomics: mixed messages
- RNA: Expanding the mRNA epitranscriptome
- The dynamic epitranscriptome: N6-methyladenosine and gene expression control
- Molecular biology: Messenger RNAs marked for longer life
- Epigenetics: A new methyl mark on messengers
The presence of an N1 methyl group on adenine bases in DNA and RNA was thought to be a form of damage. Results now show that it also occurs at specific sites in messenger RNAs, where it affects protein expression.
This nutrient energy-dependent methyl mark link RNA methylation from learning and memory to biophysically constrained RNA-directed DNA methylation, which is now represented in the context of endogenous RNA interference (RNAi). The link from the epigenetic landscape to RNAi and to the physical landscape of supercoiled DNA has repeatedly been placed into the context of via RNA-mediated protein folding chemistry and amino acid substitutions that differentiate all cell types in all living genera via the physiology of reproduction.
Typically, the physiology of reproduction prevents the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of virus-driven pathology in all living genera — until the landscape changes to one in which energy-dependent RNA-mediated DNA repair can no longer keep up with the virus-driven energy theft.