Neuronal Plasticity

Stem cells do not create themselves

Summary: The energy-dependent cellular pathways have been detailed at all levels of examination from atoms to ecosystems in the context of physics, chemistry, and molecular epigenetics. The mere mention of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions may cause theorists to panic because it eliminates their pseudoscientific nonsense in the context of the claim that proteins do not create themselves. Stromal R-spondin orchestrates gastric epithelial stem cells and gland homeostasis 1) The constant regeneration of stomach epithelium is driven by long-lived stem cells1,…

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Pseudoscientists hate what science explains! (3)

See also: Pseudoscientists hate what science explains (2) Summary: In addition to germline silencing via information transfer to the physical landscape of supercoiled DNA, multicopy transgene arrays are linked from changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance to variation in their somatic expression level. That fact helps to establish the difference between healthy longevity and pathology across generations. Problems with DNA replication can cause epigenetic changes that may be inherited for several generations My summary: The polycomb repressive complex 2, additional…

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Energy and neural plasticity

Summary: Food energy is required because proteins do not create themselves and virus-driven energy theft causes the degradation of messenger RNA in all living genera. See for comparison: Neural plasticity wanes with age, but increasing the protein Arc—abundant earlier in life—in the visual cortex of mice can fend off this decline. The restoration of neural plasticity requires the food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled de novo creation of genes. For example, see: Natural Selection on the Olfactory Receptor Gene Family in Humans and Chimpanzees Desperate…

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The Origin of Information (4)

Summary: Others have learned that the energy in a hydrogen atom must be linked to all biodiversity on Earth. The question is: “Where did the energy in the hydrogen atom come from?” See: The Origin of Information (3) Finally, someone is asking questions that can be summarized in one question (see below). Until now, on the International Society for Human Ethology’s Yahoo group, and elsewhere, the moderator: Jay R. Feierman has prevented the dissemination of accurate information on this topic.…

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Can protein folding chemistry be understood by theorists?

Excerpt: The researchers believe their discovery dovetails with their research on how tumor viruses and cancer mutations change a cell’s DNA structure and organization to cause uncontrolled cell growth. Aye group discovers avenue for precision cancer treatment One challenge is that multiple variations, or isoforms, of the same protein can all catalyze the same cellular function, “but the nuances of biology rest in how individual isoforms are regulated,” Aye said. Natural selection for energy-dependent codon optimality regulates the creation of…

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Irreconcilable differences: food energy vs de novo assembly

Developmental dynamics and contemporary evolutionary psychology: status quo or irreconcilable views? Reply to Bjorklund (2003), Krebs (2003), Buss and Reeve (2003), Crawford (2003), and Tooby et Al. (2003). The authors argue that evolutionary psychology currently offers no coherent framework for how to integrate genetic, environmental, and experiential factors into a theory of behavioral or cognitive phenotypes. An evolutionary perspective on the systems of adaptive immunity We propose a revival of the concept of the ‘Big Bang’ of vertebrate immunity, arguing…

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Energy-dependent physical and biophysical constraints (10)

Summary: The entire evolution of the microbial world and the virus world, and the interaction between microbes and viruses and other life forms have been left out of the Modern Synthesis…— Eugene Koonin My comment: Viruses are not life forms. They steal the quantized energy that links sunlight to viral latency in the context of everything known to all serious scientists about the fact that Feedback loops link odor and pheromone signaling with reproduction See for comparison: Olfaction Warps Visual…

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Energy-dependent physical and biophysical constraints (8)

Summary: The role of vitamin C in the treatment of pain: new insights links what is known about the “superfood” Spirulina (blue-green algae), which is grown in marine and freshwater environments, to the stability of all organized genomes via its biological activities, such as antioxidant, anti-diabetic, cholesterol-controlling and insulin resistance effects. The biological activities are energy-dependent and they link the anti-entropic virucidal energy of sunlight to all biodiversity via the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction and microRNAs in plants and animals.…

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Energy-dependent physical and biophysical constraints (7)

See first: Energy-dependent physical and biophysical constraints (6) Stems Cells in the Hypothalamus Slow Aging in Mice My comment to The Scientist Cai says microRNAs could be a potential mechanism by which hypothalamic neural stem cells have such wide-ranging effects on aging, yet he believes that neurogenesis may also be involved. See also: Feedback loops link odor and pheromone signaling with reproduction At least 10,000 neurons in 26 different brain areas appear to transmit signals directly to GnRH neurons.  GnRH…

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Energy-dependent physical and biophysical constraints (5)

Summary: Emmy Noethe’s theorems were developed in the early 1900’s. Richard Feynman inadvertently or purposefully alluded to them as examples of human idiocy. Discover Magazine resurrected the examples of human idiocy in a 2017 article. For comparison, Choi et al., (2017) support the claims that intercellular and interkingdom communication is energy-dependent and controlled by the metabolism of food energy to pheromones. It is obvious that pheromones biophysically constrain the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA. That fact links everything currently known…

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  • What Darwin proved: there’s no such thing as a species
    GENETICS As Animals Mingle, a Baffling Genetic Barrier A short stretch of DNA is challenging what it means to be a species. By: Emily Singer August 5, 2014 Excerpt: “Scientists have dubbed such regions of the genome “islands of speciation.” The persistence of such islands is a phenomenon that has been observed in a variety of […]
  • Randomness and Divine Providence
    A Q&A on randomness and God’s providence …the main goal is to really put together a collection of scholarly studies of these issues: physicists, biologists, mathematicians, statisticians, philosophers and theologians. replaced: Randomness and Divine Providence Supported by the John Templeton...Read more