Everybody has overlooked this effect because nobody asked the right question,” said Backman…. “It sounds cliché, but you get the answer to the question you ask. When we actually asked the right question, we got a very different answer than expected.
Researchers did not ask any questions about how the energy-dependent weekend resurrection of the bacterial flagellum occurred in an organism that fluoresces on exposure to ultraviolet light. Instead, they claimed that two mutations caused what was reported as “weekend evolution.”
A fifth force is not required to link energy-dependent codon usage from RNA-mediated protein folding chemistry to biophysically constrained cell type differentiation via the physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction in species from microbes to humans.
Serious scientists have already linked the anti-entropic virucidal energy of the sun from ultraviolet light to RNA-mediated DNA repair in the context of links from hydrogen-atom transfer in DNA base pairs in solution to all biodiversity.
Photon localization may help to find the source of virus-driven energy theft, which is linked to all pathology. But there are already clear indications of how a slight change in hydrogen ion concentration in specific cell types of specific tissues links viral replication to all pathology. There are equally clear indications that nutrient energy-dependent RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions link codon usage from protein folding chemistry to all biodiversity.
One line of evidence derives from the expectation that synonymous substitutions—point mutations in protein-coding genes that do not affect the amino-acid sequence—are neutral and should therefore accumulate at a rate equal to the underlying mutation rate20,35. This expectation is not strictly true owing to selection on codon usage, RNA folding, and other effects…
Lenski’s group has consistently failed to ask the right questions about how selection for energy-dependent codon usage is linked to RNA-mediated protein folding and effects on cell type differentiation that link ecological variation to ecological adaptation. Instead of asking a serious scientist how to link energy-dependent changes in angstroms to ecosystems, they expected to get away with claims about mutations and evolution. Anyone who learns about bioluminescence or fluorescence in any species will eventually learn that virus-driven energy theft turns out the natural light, which links sunlight to ecological adaptation in all living genera.